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BALOCHISTAN BUILDING CONTROL AND TOWN PLANNING RULES 2021

BALOCHISTAN BUILDING CONTROL AND TOWN PLANNING RULES 2021

GOVERNMENT OF BALOCHISTAN
LOCAL GOVERNMENT AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT

BALOCHISTAN BUILDING CONTROL AND TOWN PLANNING RULES 2021
Prepared By: Dr. Engr. Naik Muhammad Babar
Table of Contents
Chapter 1. Preliminary……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 1 1. Short title and commencement……………………………………………………………………………. 1 2. Scope ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 1 3. Definitions……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2
Chapter 2. Certifications/Approval of Documents ……………………………………………………… 12 4. Procedure of approval ……………………………………………………………………………………… 12 5. Plan and Documents:……………………………………………………………………………………….. 12 6. Materials Tests Reports……………………………………………………………………………………. 22 7. Procedure of inspection……………………………………………………………………………………. 24
Chapter 3. Professionals and Laboratories ………………………………………………………………… 28 8. Qualifications of the professionals and professional responsibilities ……………………… 28 9. Qualifications of the professionals…………………………………………………………………….. 28 10. Qualification/entitlement of laboratories…………………………………………………………….. 29 11. Maximum Authorization of Professionals ………………………………………………………….. 30
Chapter 4. Building Structural Design and Materials Requirements…………………………… 31 12. Scope …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 31 13. General Requirements……………………………………………………………………………………… 31 14. Structural Design Requirements………………………………………………………………………… 32 15. Loads…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 32 16. Combinations of Loads ……………………………………………………………………………………. 32 17. Earthquake Design ………………………………………………………………………………………….. 32 18. Structural Concrete………………………………………………………………………………………….. 37 19. Structural Steel Buildings…………………………………………………………………………………. 38 20. Composite Structural Steel and Reinforced Concrete Buildings ……………………………. 41
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21. Masonry…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 41 22. Architectural Elements…………………………………………………………………………………….. 41 23. Mechanical & Electrical Systems………………………………………………………………………. 41
Chapter 5. Soil and Geotechnical Investigations…………………………………………………………. 42 24. Soil Report Review Process……………………………………………………………………………… 42 25. Seismic Hazard Assessment……………………………………………………………………………… 42 26. Soils and Foundations ……………………………………………………………………………………… 43
Chapter 6. Use and Occupancy………………………………………………………………………………….. 46 27. Scope …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 46 28. Residential plots……………………………………………………………………………………………… 46 29. Residential buildings (Flats/Apartments)……………………………………………………………. 46 30. Residential Buildings in approved housing schemes……………………………………………. 47 31. Public amenities buildings ……………………………………………………………………………….. 48 32. Industrial Zones and Industrial Buildings…………………………………………………………… 52 33. Commercial buildings……………………………………………………………………………………… 53 34. Religious Buildings…………………………………………………………………………………………. 60 35. Dangerous Buildings……………………………………………………………………………………….. 61
Chapter 7. Streets/Roads/Highways…………………………………………………………………………… 64 36. Scope:……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 64 37. Pedestrian Lanes……………………………………………………………………………………………… 64 38. One-Way Streets …………………………………………………………………………………………….. 64 39. Two way Streets……………………………………………………………………………………………… 64 40. Highways, major roads and boulevard……………………………………………………………….. 64 41. Visibility at Cross Roads………………………………………………………………………………….. 65 42. Street Lines and Building Lines………………………………………………………………………… 65
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Chapter 8. Building Space Requirements…………………………………………………………………… 66 43. Method of Measuring Clear Space…………………………………………………………………….. 66 44. Projections beyond Property Limits…………………………………………………………………… 66 45. Separate Approach for every Building……………………………………………………………….. 66 46. Open Spaces for High Rise Building …………………………………………………………………. 66 47. Space for Electrical Sub-Station………………………………………………………………………… 67 48. Space for CNG/LNG/ Petrol Filling Stations………………………………………………………. 67
Chapter 9. Construction Site Safety and Security Measures……………………………………….. 68 49. Scope:……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 68 50. Site Hoardings………………………………………………………………………………………………… 68 51. Use of Public Streets ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 68 52. Obstructions to be lit and marked ……………………………………………………………………… 68 53. Utility Services not to be obstructed ………………………………………………………………….. 68 54. Removal of Obstruction after Completion of Works……………………………………………. 68 55. Dangerous Obstruction…………………………………………………………………………………….. 68 56. Stability of Adjacent Building…………………………………………………………………………… 69 57. Filling of Excavated Site ………………………………………………………………………………….. 69 58. Adequate Safety Measures……………………………………………………………………………….. 69 59. Supervision of Demolition Work ………………………………………………………………………. 69 60. Safe Loading ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 69 61. Scaffolds………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 69 62. Road Side Protection……………………………………………………………………………………….. 70 63. Working Platform……………………………………………………………………………………………. 70 64. Guard Rails…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 70 65. Ladders………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 70
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66. Work on Sloping Roofs……………………………………………………………………………………. 70 67. Precautions for Raising and Lowering Loads ……………………………………………………… 71 Chapter 10. Parking Requirements………………………………………………………………………….. 72 68. Scope …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 72 69. Purpose ………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 72 70. General Conditions………………………………………………………………………………………….. 72 71. Car Lifts…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 72 72. Commercial Area ……………………………………………………………………………………………. 73 73. Amenity Area …………………………………………………………………………………………………. 73 74. Residential Area ……………………………………………………………………………………………… 73 75. Standard for Parking Spaces …………………………………………………………………………….. 73 76. Exemption from Provision of Parking Space ………………………………………………………. 75 Chapter 11. Water supply, Drainage and Sanitation…………………………………………………. 76 77. Water Service Pipe ………………………………………………………………………………………….. 76
78. Minimum Storage Capacity for buildings (public use buildings with total floor area more than 3600 Sq.ft. (336Sq.m). ……………………………………………………………………… 76
79. Recycling Plant and Treatment of Effluent/Sewage …………………………………………….. 77 80. Sanitation and Solid Waste ………………………………………………………………………………. 78 81. Digester/Septic tank ………………………………………………………………………………………… 78 82. Soil Pipes, Waste Pipes and Ventilating Pipes…………………………………………………….. 78 83. Sanitary Provisions………………………………………………………………………………………….. 78 84. Manholes and Inspection Chambers ………………………………………………………………….. 80 85. Storm water drainage ………………………………………………………………………………………. 80
Chapter 12. Fire Preventions/Fire Safety Measures………………………………………………….. 82 86. Scope …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 82
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87. Fire Zones:……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 82 88. Type of Construction……………………………………………………………………………………….. 83 89. General ………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 84 90. Stand Pipes System …………………………………………………………………………………………. 84 91. Automatic Sprinkler System …………………………………………………………………………….. 85 92. Sprinkler System Construction………………………………………………………………………….. 85 93. Manual Fire Extinguishing Equipment ………………………………………………………………. 86 94. Installation of Interior Fire Alarm System ………………………………………………………….. 86 95. Signal Stations………………………………………………………………………………………………… 87 96. Fire Resistance ……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 87 97. Test of Fire Resistance …………………………………………………………………………………….. 89 98. External Walls………………………………………………………………………………………………… 89 99. Separating Walls and Fire Walls……………………………………………………………………….. 89 100. Compartmentalization ……………………………………………………………………………………… 90 101. Construction of Fire Walls……………………………………………………………………………….. 90 102. Openings in Fire Walls…………………………………………………………………………………….. 90 103. Direct Access for Ground Floor and Above………………………………………………………… 91 104. Protected Shafts………………………………………………………………………………………………. 91 105. Fire Resistive Structure Requirements……………………………………………………………….. 92 106. Fire Resistant Doors………………………………………………………………………………………… 92 107. Miscellaneous Provisions…………………………………………………………………………………. 92 108. Fire Resistive Structure Requirements……………………………………………………………….. 92 109. Enclosures for Cinematographic Equipment……………………………………………………….. 93 110. Steel and Metal Structures………………………………………………………………………………… 93 111. Air Conditioning Ducts……………………………………………………………………………………. 93
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Chapter 13. Life Safety ……………………………………………………………………………………………. 95 112. General Exit Requirements ………………………………………………………………………………. 95 113. Occupant Load and Exit Capacity……………………………………………………………………… 95 114. Number of Exits ……………………………………………………………………………………………… 98 115. Arrangement of Exits: ……………………………………………………………………………………… 98 116. Corridors and passageways………………………………………………………………………………. 99 117. Emergency and Escape Lighting……………………………………………………………………….. 99 118. Illumination of Exit ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 101 119. Internal Staircases …………………………………………………………………………………………. 101 120. Pressurization of Staircases (Protected Escape Routes)………………………………………. 103 121. External Stairs………………………………………………………………………………………………. 104 122. Horizontal Exits…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 105 123. Fire Tower……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 105 124. Ramps………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 106 125. Fire Lifts………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 106
Chapter 14. Light and Ventilation………………………………………………………………………….. 107 126. Size of external openings ……………………………………………………………………………….. 107 127. Size of internal openings………………………………………………………………………………… 107 128. Internal Air Wells………………………………………………………………………………………….. 107 129. Permanent Openings in Kitchen………………………………………………………………………. 108 130. Water Closet, Bath Room & Ablution Places……………………………………………………. 108 131. Garages………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 108 132. Staircases……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 108
133. Mechanical Ventilation and Central Air-Conditioning waiver & minimum requirement. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 108
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Chapter 15. Development Permit and Procedures…………………………………………………… 110 134. Permits and Procedures-Land Development ……………………………………………………… 110 135. General Requirements for Development Permission ………………………………………….. 111 136. Types of development permits………………………………………………………………………… 111 137. General Development Permits ………………………………………………………………………… 111 138. Grant of Special Development Permit ……………………………………………………………… 112 139. Conditions for Development Permits……………………………………………………………….. 113
140. Criteria for Decisions Relating to Special Development Permits, Contingency Plans or Planning Positions…………………………………………………………………………………………. 114
141. Notice for a Special Development Permit…………………………………………………………. 115 Chapter 16. Sub-Division, Amalgamation of Land and Change of Land Use……………. 116 142. Major Sub-division and Minor Sub-Division…………………………………………………….. 116 143. Sub-Division and Amalgamation of plots…………………………………………………………. 116 144. Approval of plans general requirement…………………………………………………………….. 117 145. Approval of minor subdivisions………………………………………………………………………. 118 146. Approval of major subdivision………………………………………………………………………… 118 147. Site inspections and Consolation……………………………………………………………………… 119 148. Conditions for Special Development Permits for Major Sub-Division …………………. 120 149. Change of Land use:………………………………………………………………………………………. 120 150. Commercialization of plots:……………………………………………………………………………. 121 Chapter 17. Violation of Land Development…………………………………………………………… 122 151. Removal or Prevention of Violation ………………………………………………………………… 122 152. Violations of Land Development …………………………………………………………………….. 122 153. Appeals………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 123 154. Penalties of Orders or Determinations ……………………………………………………………… 123
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Chapter 18. Preservation of Structures of Special Architectural or Historic Interests. 124 155. Definition …………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 124
156. Designation and declaration of Special Architectural or Historical Interests Structures ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 124
157. Approval for demolition alteration or extension ………………………………………………… 125 158. Repeal………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 125 Annexture-A:…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 127 A1: Rates of Scrutiny fee for approval of building plans……………………………………………….. 127 A2: Annual renewal fee for approval of building plans…………………………………………………. 127 A3: Rates of Inspection fee for the buildings (Approved Plans) …………………………………….. 127 A4: Fines and Charges for violations of “Building Control Rules”…………………………………. 128 Annexture-B:…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 130 B1: Rates of Scrutiny fee for approval of Development Permits (No Objection Certificates)130 B2: Fines and Charges for violations of “Town Planning Rules”……………………………………. 130 References:………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 131
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Acknowledgements
Building control and town planning Rules is a technical and detailed document, and requires input from many experts in multi-disciplines within the civil engineering, Architecture and town planning. It is important to enlist all those who worked hard to complete this document.
Dr. Engr. Naik Muhammad Ph.D. Structural Engg.
Dr. Engr. Muhammad Habib Ph.D. Structural Engg.
Dr. Engr. Zafar Baloch Ph.D. Structural Engg.
Dr. Engr. Saeed Ullah Jan Ph.D. GeoTech. Engg.
Dr. Engr. Azmatullah Khan Ph.D. Environmental Engg.
Engr. Nawaz Ali MS Transportation Engg.
Arch. Zian Ulabadien BS Architecture
Dr. Sorath Ph.D. Urban planning
Engr. Muddassir Ahmed khan Civil Engg.
Engr. Nisar Ahmed Civil Engg.
Engr. Asmatullah MS Civil Engg.
Engr. Marjan Gul MS Civil Engg.
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THE BALOCHISTAN GAZETTE
PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHORITY
No. Quetta April 2021
BALOCHISTAN BUILDING CONTROL AND TOWN PLANNING RULES, 2021
GOVERNMENT OF BALOCHISTAN
LOCAL GOVERNMENT RURAL DEVELOPMENT
AND AGROVILLES DEPARTMENT
(Balochistan Local Government Board)
NOTIFICATION
Dated Quetta, the ____/ ____/ 2021
No. 1-83/2017(BLGB) A.O-IV/________In exercise of the power conferred by Section 20 of the Balochistan Building Control Ordinance 1979, the Government of Balochistan is pleased to make and promulgate the following Rules:-
Chapter 1. Preliminary
1. Short title and commencement
(1) These rules shall be called the Balochistan Building Control and Town Planning Rules, 2021.
(2) These rules shall come into force at once.
2. Scope
(1) These rules will cover the buildings (Engineering Structures), land development, fresh and waste water, street/roads/highways within the city, soil, parking requirements, fire
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prevention and life safety as per engineering guidelines within the legal frame work of the Balochistan province.
(2) These rules are to ensure the standard design, material selection, and to regulate the building construction as per Building Code of Pakistan (Seismic provisions, 2007). (3) The provision of minimum requirements for energy-efficient design and construction of buildings as per Building Code of Pakistan (Energy provisions 2011).
(4) Provisions to be applied to construction/water/road/land development etc. which are outside the scope of these provisions, shall be specifically determined by the Departments/Autonomous Organizations supervising the construction.
(5) The fire safety, fire protection systems, fire safety devices and other fire relevant provisions shall be applied as per Building Code of Pakistan Fire Safety Provisions – 2016 or any update in this code.
(6) Any construction/demolishing should not violate the provisions of “Balochistan Environmental Protection Act 2012 and amendments made therein”.
(7) To promote sustainable development and green materials for construction the provisions of International Building Code (IBC-2108) and Pakistan Green Building Code (In process) should be used.
3. Definitions (1) In these rules unless the context otherwise requires the following expressions shall have the meaning hereby respectively assigned to them:- (a) “Addition” means the addition of any unit/structure to any building/structure constructed in accordance with these rules;
(b) “Admixture” means a material other than water, aggregate, or hydraulic cement used as an ingredient of concrete and added to concrete before or during its mixing to
modify its properties;
(c) “Aggregate” means a granular material, such as sand, gravel, crushed stone and iron blast furnace slag, and when used with a cementing medium forms a hydraulic
cement concrete or mortar;

(d) “Allowable Stress Design”
means a method of proportioning structural elements such that computed stresses produced in the elements by the allowable stress load combinations do not exceed specified allowable stress (also called working stress design);

(e) “Amalgamation” means the joining of two or more adjoining plots of the same land use into a single plot in accordance with these rules;
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(f) “Amenities plot” means a plot allocated exclusively for the purpose of amenity uses as defined in Chapter 7 of these rules , such as Government uses, Health and Welfare
uses, Education uses, Assembly Uses, Religious uses, Parks and Play
grounds, Burial grounds, Transportation right-of-way, Parking and
Recreational Areas;
(g)“Anchorage Device” means in post-tensioning, the hardware used for transferring a post-tensioning force from the prestressing steel to the concrete;
(h) “Anchorage Zone” means in post-tensioned members, the portion of the member through which the concentrated prestressing force is transferred to the concrete and
distributed more uniformly across the section;
(i) “Anchorage” means in posttensioning is a device used to anchor tendons to concrete member; in pretensioning, a device used to anchor tendons during hardening
of concrete;
(j) “Apartment Building” means a building having more than one Storey and containing more than two apartments sharing common staircase, or access space;
(k) “Apartment” means an independent residential unit consisting of at least one habitable room, bathroom, toilet, and cooking facilities in an apartment building;
(l) “Approved” means approved in writing by the Building Control Authority; (m) “Architect” means a person who has given licence by Pakistan Council of Architects and Town Planners (PCATP) as an architect;
(n) “Architectural Plan” means a plan showing the arrangements of proposed building works, including floor plans, elevations and sections, in accordance with the
requirements of these rules;
(o) “Attached Building” means a building which is joined to another building on one or more sides by a common wall or walls;
(p) “Balcony” means a stage or platform projecting from the wall of the building surrounded with a railing or parapet wall;

(q) “Bar Bending Schedule”
means a complete list about details of reinforcement used in reinforced cement concrete. It includes diameter, shape, and total length, cut length, bend, spacing and location of each bar;

(r) “Base of Structure” means the level at which earthquake motions are assumed to be imparted to a building. This level does not necessarily coincide with the ground level;
(s) “Base Shear” means the total design lateral force or shear at the base of a structure; (t) “Basement” means the lowest portion of building partly (leaving not more than 4 feet
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above the ground) or wholly below Ground level;
(u) “Bath Room” means a room containing a water tap/wash basin and a shower or a bathtub or a bath tray, and may with or without a W.C;

(v) “Bearing Wall System”
(w) “Building Frame System”
means a structural system without a complete vertical load-carrying space frame;
means an essentially complete space frame that provides support for gravity loads;

(x) “Building Line” means a line upon which any part of a building from its lowest level, including all foundations, or other structure, butting on a public street or a
road planned future public street, may extend, provided always such line is
within the property line of such building or cut line as provided in these
Rules of such plots;
(y) “Building Works” means erection or re-erection/modification including complete or partial demolition of a building including full or partial thereof or making additions
and alterations to an existing building;
(z) “Bye Laws” means the Building Bye-Laws and Rules/regulations made by the Authority.

(aa) “Cementitious Materials”
means materials which have cementing value when used in concrete either by themselves, such as Portland cement, blended hydraulic cements and expansive cement;

(ab) “Ceiling” means the underside of a roof or a floor which may be covered with plaster, ceiling boards or other similar materials;
(ac) “Chimney” means a structure enclosing one or more flues, and includes any opening therein for the function of a heat producing appliance/fireplace;

(ad) “Commercial Building”
means a building constructed for commercial use on commercial plot;

(ae) “Component” means a part or element of an architectural, electrical, mechanical or structural system;

(af) “Compulsory Open Space”
means that part of a plot which is to be left completely open to sky, over which no structure or any integral part of the building shall be permitted except ramp upward/downward, permissible projections, steps, septic tanks, soak pits, water reservoirs and lines for sewage, water, electricity, gas, telephone etc;

(ag) “Concept plan” means a plan approved under relevant statute which indicates the approximate location or relationships but not the precise sites or boundaries of road, utility
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line and facilities, community facilities, and residential and other uses of land,
as may be appropriate in an area designated for the development of a new
community or the renewal improvement amelioration or development of an
existing buildup community;
(ah) “Concrete cover” means the distance between the outermost surface of embedded reinforcement and the closest outer surface of the concrete indicated on design drawings or
in project specifications;
(ai) “Contractor” means an individual or a firm who provides all the necessary services in terms of materials, labors, equipments and construction work of a project;

(aj) “Contract Documents”
means documents, including the project drawings and project specifications, covering the required Work;

(ak) “Contraction Joint” means a formed, sawed, or tooled groove in a concrete structure to create a weakened plane and regulate the location of cracking resulting from the
dimensional change of different parts of the structure;
(al) “Corner Plot” means a plot situated at the intersection of two or more streets/roads; “Covered Area” means same as Floor Area;
(am) “Crosstie” means a continuous reinforcing bar having a seismic hook at one end and a hook of not less than 90 degrees with at least six diameters at the other end;

(an) “Damp Proof Course”
(ao) “Dangerous Building”
means layer of material impervious moisture;
means a building or structure which is declared as structurally unsafe and/or which is hazardous;

(ap) “Dead Loads” means consist of the weight of all materials and fixed equipment incorporated into the building or other structure;

(aq) “Development Permit”
(ar) “Development Works”
means any general or special permit issued, including a permit customarily denominated as a “No Objection Certificate”, “planning permit”, “town planning permit” or other document having the effect of permitting development as defined in these rules;
means use of land as per approved plan, design and specifications;

(as) “Developer” means a person or a body of persons engaged in real estate activity and not engaged in construction as masons or such other artisian;
(at) “Detached Building” means a building not joined to another building to any side; (au) “Detailed plan” means a land use of plan relating to
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(a) the precise location and characteristic of roads, other rights of way and
utilities,
(b) the dimensions and grading of plots and the dimensions and sitting of
structures,
(c) the precise location and characteristics of permissible types of
development; and
(d) any other planning maters which contribute to the development and use of
area as a whole;
(av) “Duct” means an opening provided in a building for the purpose of improving the indoor air quality and to maintain indoor constant temperature;

(aw) “Ductile Connection”
means connection that experiences yielding because of the earthquake design displacements;

(ax) “Engineer” means a person currently registered as such under-Pakistan Engineering Council Act-1975;
“Essential Facilities” means those structures that are necessary for emergency operations after a natural disaster;
(ay) “External Wall” means any outer wall of a building abutting on an external or internal open space on adjoining property lines;
(az) “Factored Load” means the product of a load and a load factor;
(ba) “Factory” means a building or part thereof used for manufacture, production or preparation of any article;
(bb) “Fire Escape” means an exit from a building, for use in the event of fire; (bc) “Flat Sites” means plots designated as such for multi-family residential uses; (bd) “Floor Area Ratio” means the total floor area of a building divided by the area of the plot; (be) “Floor Area” means horizontal area of floor in a building covered with roof, whether enclosed by walls but excluding ancillary covered spaces and projection
allowed under these bye-laws;
(bf) “Foundation” means structure entirely below the level of the ground which carries and distributes the load from pillars, beams or walls on to the ground;
(bg) “Gallery” means an open or a covered walk way or a long passage and underground Passage;
(bh) “Ground Floor” means floor of any structure built just above the plinth level; (bi) “Habitable Room” means a room to be used primarily for human habitation; (bj) “Head Room” means the clear vertical distance measured between the finished lower level
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(bk) “Height of a Building”
and the underside of lowest obstruction such as ceiling or rafter, whichever is lower;
means vertical measurement from the mean level of the road/street adjoining the building to the highest part of the roof;

(bl) “Height of A Room” means vertical distance measured between the finished floor level and under side of the ceiling;
(bm) “Hoarding” means a fence of temporary character erected around a building site on which erection, demolition or repair work is in hand;
(bn) “Hoop” means a closed tie or continuously wound tie. A closed tie can be made up of several reinforcing elements, each having seismic hooks at both ends. A
continuously wound tie shall have a seismic hook at both ends;
(bo) “House/Bungalow” means an independent residential building for the use of people, a family/families having at least one habitable room with a kitchen, a bath, and
a toilet;
(bp) “Housing Unit” means a part or whole of a residential building capable of being used independently for human habitation;

(bq) “Industrial Building”
(br) “Inspection Chamber”
means a building constructed on a plot allotted exclusively for industry under these Rules;
means any chamber constructed to provide access thereto for inspection and cleaning;

(bs) “Jacking Force” means temporary force exerted by device that introduces tension into prestressing tendons in prestressed concrete;
(bt) “Joint” means Portion of structure common to intersecting members; (bu) “Land” means includes the earth, water and air, above, below or on the surface, and anything attached to the earth;

(bv) “Land Development”
(bw) “Lateral Support Member”
means process of acquiring land for useful purpose by constructing residential, commercial, industrial buildings and other public welfare structures;
means member designed to inhibit lateral buckling or lateral-torsional buckling of primary frame members;

(bx) “Licence” means a permission granted under these rules by the Authority to perform such functions as are allowed under these rules;

(by) “Lightweight Concrete”
means concrete containing lightweight aggregate and an equilibrium density, as determined by ASTM C567, between 90 and 115 lb/ft3;

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(bz) “Limit State” means a condition in which a structure or component is judged either to be no longer useful for its intended function (serviceability limit state) or to be
unsafe (strength limit state);

(ca) “Load And Resistance Factor Design (LRFD)”
means a method of proportioning structural elements using load and resistance factors such that no applicable limit state is reached when the structure is subjected to all appropriate load combinations. The term “LRFD” is used in the design of steel and wood structures;

(cb) “Master Plan” means a Development plan for an area providing short terms and long terms policy guideline for a systematic and controlled growth in future;
(cc) “Medical Waste” means waste or item which can, or is likely to, cause infection, and without prejudice to the generality above, includes needles, operating theatre material,
surgical gloves, bandages, blood, bones and flesh etc;

(cd) “Multi Storey Building”
(ce) “Normal Weight Concrete”
means any building above ground plus two or more storey; means concrete containing only aggregate that conforms to ASTM C33;

(cf) “Openings” means apertures or holes in the exterior wall boundary of the structure; (cg) “Owner” means a person or persons holding title to a piece of plot or land/construction thereupon;
(ch) “Parapet wall” means a wall, whether plain, perforated or paneled, protecting the edge of a Roof, Balcony, Verandah or Terrace;
(ci) “Party Wall” means a wall separating adjoining properties;
(cj) “PCATP” means Pakistan Council of Architects and Town Planners; (ck) “PEC” means Pakistan Engineering Council established under PEC Act, 1976; (cl) “Pedestrian Lane” means Thoroughfares intended exclusively for pedestrian traffic at least 10ft (3m) wide;
(cm) “Plain Concrete” means structural concrete with no reinforcement or with less reinforcement than the minimum amount specified for reinforced concrete;
(cn) “Plinth Level” means the height of the finished floor level of the ground floor, measured from the top of the finished surface of the road serving the plot.
(co) “Precast Concrete” means a structural concrete element cast in other than its final position in the structure;

(cp) “Professional Engineer”
means a person recognized as such under-PEC Act and Rules & Regulations framed thereunder;

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(cq) “Proof Engineer” means Engineer registered with Pakistan Engineering Council (PEC) as Professional Engineer (Structures) or a person having PhD. in Structural
Engineering or a person having MS degree in Structural Engineering with 5
years structural design experience;
(cr) “Property Line” means part of plot boundary which separates private property from the public property or a private property from another private property;
(cs) “Proposed Plans” means plans submitted for approval in respect of proposed building works and/or land development work;
(ct) “Public Building” means a building designed for public use such as Dispensary, Post Office, Police Station, Town Hall, Library, Recreational Buildings, etc;

(cu) “Public Open Space”
(cv) “Registered Geo Technology Consultant” (cw) “Registered Structural Engineer” (cx) “Repair/
Renovation”
(cy) “Residential Building”
means open spaces including parks, playgrounds, waterways, streets, road and lanes and such other places as defined in these rules;
means a person’s holding registration from Pakistan Engineering Council as a Geo-Technologist;
means a qualified structural engineer registered with Pakistan Engineering Council;
means repair work to services, painting, white-washing, plastering, flooring, paving, and replacement of roof of corrugated sheets or of T-iron/girders or wooden roof with RCC slab without change in the approved/completion plan; means building exclusively designed for use for human habitation together with such houses as are ordinarily ancillary to main building and used in connection therewith;

(cz) “Residential Zone” means a zone earmarked for buildings exclusively designed for human habitation and in no case shall include its use in whole or a part thereof for
any other purpose e.g. shops, clinics, offices, schools, workshops, store/go
down or any other commercial activity;

(da) “Revised/ Amended Plan”
(db) “Seismic Design Category”
means previously approved drawings/plans re-submitted for approval in accordance with the provision of these rules;
means a classification assigned to a structure based on its occupancy category and the severity of the design earthquake ground motion at the site;

(dc) “Seismic Hook” means a hook on a stirrup, or crosstie having a bend not less than 135 degrees, except that circular hoops shall have a bend not less than 90 degrees;
(dd) “Septic Tank” means tank in which sewage is collected and decomposed before the
9
discharge into a public sewer or soakage pit;
(de) “Shear Wall” means a wall designed to resist lateral forces parallel to the plane of the wall, sometimes referred to as vertical diaphragm or structural wall;
(df) “Sheathing” means a material encasing prestressing steel to prevent bonding of the prestressing steel with the surrounding concrete, to provide corrosion
protection, and to contain the corrosion inhibiting coating;
(dg) “Soakage Pit” means a pit filled with aggregate, boulders or broken brick and intended for the reception of waste water or effluent discharged from a septic tank;
(dh) “Soft Storey” means the Storey in which the lateral stiffness is less than 70 percent of the stiffness of the Storey above;

(di) “Special Moment Resisting Frame (SMRF)”
(dj) “Specified Compressive Strength of Concrete (F′c)”
means a moment-resisting frame specially detailed to provide ductile behavior;
means compressive strength of concrete used in design;

(dk) “Storey Drift” means lateral displacement of one level relative to the level above or below; (dl) “Storey” means the space between levels;

(dm) “Structural Concrete”
means concrete used for structural purposes, including plain and reinforced concrete;

(dn) “Structural System” means an assemblage of load carrying components which are joined together to provide regular interaction or interdependence;
(do) “Sub-Division Plan” means a layout plan for a proposed sub-division duly approved by the Authority as provided in these rules;
(dp) “Sub-Division” means the division of land held under the same ownership into two or more plot;
(dq) “Substructure” means the portion of a building below ground level;
(dr) “Sun-Shade” means an outside projection from a building to provide protection from weather, which cannot be converted to habitable space;
(ds) “Superstructure” means the portion of a building above ground level;
(dt) “Supervision” means to oversee and supervise the implementation of approved Architectural/Town Planning/Engineering design and specifications during
the execution of buildings/development works at site;
(du) “Temporary means a structure built/constructed purely on temporary basis, wholly within
10
Structure” the plot with the approval of the Authority for a specific period of time and which shall be demolished on completion of the project;
(dv) “Total Floor Area” means sum of the floor areas of all the floors of all the buildings on a plot, less exemption as permitted in these rules;
(dw) “Town” means a build up area with name, defined boundaries and certain local government, that is larger than a village and smaller than a city;
(dx) “Verandah” means a roofed gallery, terrace or other portion of building with at least one side open to courtyard or a permanent open space;

(dy) “Vertical Load Carrying Frame”
means a space frame designed to carry vertical gravity loads;

(dz) “Wall” means a member, usually vertical, used to enclose or separate spaces: (ea) “Wall Pier” means a wall segment with a horizontal length-to thickness ratio between 2.5 and 6, and whose clear height is at least two times its horizontal length;
(eb) “Ware House” means a building in which goods are stored;
(ec) “Weak Storey” means the Storey in which the strength is less than 80 percent of the Storey above;
(ed) “Wet Connection” means any of the splicing methods, to connect precast members and uses cast in-place concrete or grout to fill the splicing closure;

(ee) “Wood Structural Panel”
means a structural panel product composed primarily of wood and meeting the requirements of UBC Standard 23-2 or 23-3;

(ef) “Work” means the entire construction or separately identifiable parts thereof that are required to be furnished under the contract documents;
(eg) “X Braced Frame” means a concentrically braced frame (CBF) in which a pair of diagonal braces crosses near mid-length of the braces;

(eh) “Schedule” (2)
Means schedule appended with rules;
Words and expressions used but not defined in these rules shall have the same meanings as respectively assigned in the Balochistan Building Control Ordinance 1979 (Ord: VI of 1979)

11
Chapter 2. Certifications/Approval of Documents
4. Procedure of approval (1) Every person intending to erect, re-erect, or alter a building shall apply for building permit under these rules along with necessary documents specified therein.
2. The building plan shall be signed by a licensed Architect/Structural Engineer duly registered and enlisted with the PCATP and PEC.
3. No building shall be erected, modified or amended without the plans being approved by the Authority.
4. Any construction without prior permission of the Authority shall be liable to be demolished.
5. The minimum panel required for the approval or disproval at the Authority level will have at least the following technical persons:
(i) One Architect with valid membership of Pakistan Council of Architects and Town Planners.
(ii) One Civil Engineer with valid membership of Pakistan Engineering Council. (iii)Proof Engineer or Vetting Engineer (Third party) to cross check the plans. The Payment of the Proof Engineer should be paid by Builder/Owner of the building. The concerned authority should enlist the Proof Engineers.
6. Plan and Documents: All applications for approval of building plans shall be submitted on Form A. additionally Form B and C should be accompanied. (1) Every person who intends to carry out building works or to demolish a building or carry out additions, alterations or repairs in a building shall engage a licensed architect/Civil Engineer/Structural Engineer/Proof Engineer to supervise the works.
(2) Every application for building permit shall be accompanied by ownership documents / proof, duly updated by the concerned revenue authorities, or the in charge of an approved housing colony/Scheme and a site plan drawn to a scale of not less than 40 feet to an inch. The scale used shall be indicated on the plan which shall clearly show:
(i) The direction of north point.
12
(ii) The boundaries of the site on which it is proposed to erect, re-erect or add to or alter in the building (s).
(iii) The position of all adjacent streets, vacant lands and drains.
(iv) Fixed distance from the center of road(s).
(v) The names and width of streets on which the site abuts, together with the numbers, of adjoining houses or premises, if any.
(vi) The alignment of adjoining buildings.
(vii) The alignment of drains showing the manner in which the roof / house / surface drainage will be disposed of
(viii) Building plan to a scale of not less than 8 feet to an inch. The scale used shall be indicated on the plan which shall include the section elevation and shall show:
a. The external dimension of the building.
b. The ground floor, first floor and upper floors (if any) and the roof.
(ix) The position of all the proposed and existing drains, urinals, privies, fireplaces, kitchens, gutters and down pipes.
(x) The dimensions of all rooms and position of doors, windows and ventilators in each room.
(xi) The materials to be used in the foundations, walls, floors and roofs. (xii) The purpose for which it is intended to use the building.
(xiii) The level and width of the foundation and the ground floor with reference to the level of the center of the street on which the front of the proposed building is to abut.
(3) The structural drawings and calculations should be submitted in the form of structural design report. The structural design report should be accompanied by
i. Set of structure analysis design calculations.
ii. Set of working structural drawings.
iii. Set of bar bending schedule.
iv. Set of specifications relevant to structural work.
(4) Material tests reports as per section 0should be attached depending upon the size or use
13
of building.
(5) Complete soil investigation report as suggested in Chapter 5 (or indicated in Section 0of these Rules), depending upon the size or use of building.
(6) Any other information or document required by the Authority.
(7) Title documents relating to the plot showing his right to erect or re-erect a building. (8) While giving the application for building permit, the applicant shall furnish five copies of building plans on white paper of A1 size (ammonia paper print is preferred). (9) Two copies of the sanctioned plan duly signed by the Head of the plan approval committee shall be returned to the applicant within a period of one month maximum. (10) Authenticated / original copies of all documents relied upon by the applicant shall, when required, be produced for inspection.
(11) Return of Defective Plans: Where the plans are unintelligible/ ambiguous or are in contravention of these Rules, the Head of the Plan Approval Committee will return such plans to the applicant with reasons in writing until a rectified plan or required documents are re submitted.
(12) Reference to Proof Engineer: In case of a building other than an ordinary residential building (Ground plus one), the Authority should refer the plan to a Proof Engineer for technical scrutiny from architectural, town planning and structural point of view on payment of fee to be paid by the applicant/builder as determined by the Authority from time to time. The Authority shall send the plan to Proof Engineer and return the same to the owner within one month of its receipt along with technical clearance/comments if any.
(13) Submission of Revised Plans: When a person intends to make alterations /additions in the sanctioned building plan, he shall submit a revised plan showing all such alterations / additions for consideration by the Authority provided he shall not proceed with construction till the approval of the revised plan.
(14) Compliance of Permission: Every person who carries out building works shall comply with the direction and conditions specified, in the permission or building permit. (15) The Engineer engaged to prepare the submission drawings will be the same to submit the completion drawings. In case there is a change of Engineer, the following documents will be required:
14
(i) A certificate will be submitted to the Authorities by the owner from the first Engineer to indicate the stage where he has completed the supervision (Form D).
(ii) A certificate will be submitted to the Authorities by the owner that he has made full payment upto that stage to the Engineer and there is no outstanding amount due, this certificate will be signed by the Engineer (Form D).
(iii)A certificate will be submitted to the Authorities indicating the name of the Engineer that he has engaged to supervise the remaining portion of the construction (Form D).
(16) Regularization of works carried out without permission: the Regularization of works carried out without permission will be allowed only when the devotion is only 10 % (Verified by Structural Engineer) from the approved plan (Form E). Otherwise the addition /alteration should be demolished.
15
FORM A/Approval Form
APPLICATION FOR BUILDING PERMIT
The Chief Officer, Local Council______________________ .
1 We hereby apply for permission to erect/re-erect make additions to and / or alterations in the building on Plot No. _______situated at _______________in accordance with the Building Plans submitted herewith for sanction.
2 Necessary particulars are given below and certified to be true:
(i) Plot held from ________________________________
(ii) Copy of title deed.
(iii)Intended use of proposed building works; and
(iv)Description of the proposed building works
(v) Site plan indicating the location of the plot.
3 Particulars / Enclosures:
(i) copies of proposed plans
(ii) Copy of power of attorney in case the owner is not submitting the plans himself.
4 I/We undertake that I/we shall be personally responsible for any violation of these Rules and conditions, if any, accompanying the sanction of the plan / plans.
Signature: _________________
Owner/Lease/Allot tee Attorney
Address: __________________
__________________
Dated: ___________________
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FORM B
ENGINEER’S CERTIFICATE
(To be accompanied with Form A)
This is to certify that the building plans submitted by __________________ for Plot
No ______________ have been prepared by me/us and that I/we undertake to supervise the proposed construction as per specifications submitted herewith in triplicate. I/we further undertake that if I/we discontinue supervision of the work, I/we shall give immediate intimation thereof, as required under the above Building Control Rules.
Name, Signature and stamp of Architect /: _____________________________ Registration No. of PCATP: _______________________________________ Name, Signature and stamp of Civil Engineer/Architectural Engineer
Registration No. of PEC: __________________________________________ Dated: _________________________
SPECIFICATIONS ATTACHED:
1) Nature of the soil below foundation.
2) Specification of foundation.
3) Specification of plinth.
4) Specification of superstructure.
5) Specification of floor.
6) Specification of roof.
7) Method of drainage and sewerage.
8) Kind of slab
9) Materials tests reports
17
FORM C
CERTIFICATION OF STRUCTURAL SOUNDNESS OF BUILDINGS (To be accompanied with Form A and B)
I/we certify that:
1 I/we have been appointed as consulting structural Engineer by Mr./Mrs./M/s _________________ for the structural design of the building on Plot No ______ situated on ________ in _____________ on which:
(i) Is likely to be constructed from ______________
(ii) Is under construction since ______________
(iii)Has been virtually completed on ______________
(iv)Stage of construction ______________
(v) No. of story’s designed ______________
2 The structure designed has been based on following Building Control Rules/Pakistan Building Code (Seismic Provisions-2007) and rationally coupled with Engineering knowledge and judgment where necessary:
___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 3 a. The sub-surface investigation was carried out by M/s ____________ on __________________.
b. A design bearing capacity of the soil ______ Tons / Sft was adopted based on __________________
4 Our / my contractual responsibilities were/are limited to:
(i) Structure analysis and design.
(ii) Preparation of working structure drawings.
(iii)Preparation of bar bending schedule.
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(iv)Checking bar bending schedule prepared by the contractors/ constructors/ Builders. 5 The following documents are attached:
(i) Set of working structural drawings.
(ii) Set of bar bending schedule.
(iii)Set of design calculations.
(iv)Set of specifications relevant to structural work.
(v) Material Test Report as per Table 2.1
(vi)Soil Test report as per Table 2.1
Name of Structural Engineer: _______________
Signature _______________
PEC Registration No: ________________
Verification of Proof Engineer
(Other than Structural Design Consultant)
I/we certify that:
6 I/we have been appointed as Proof Engineer by Mr./Mrs./M/s
_________________ for the cross check of structural design of the building on Plot No ______
situated on ________ in _____________.
7 The structure designed has been cross checked following Building Control Rules/Pakistan Building Code (Seismic Provisions-2007)
Name of Proof Engineer: _______________
Signature _______________
PEC Registration No: ________________
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FORM D
NOTICE OF DISCONTINUANCE
The Chief Officer, Local Council,___________.
I hereby give notice of my discontinuance from the building works with effect from___________ as the Registered Architect/Civil Engineer in respect of Plot No______ situated at ______________. It is certified that I have been paid in full and the following building work on the said plot has been carried out under my supervision and according to the Building Control Regulation’s.
Name & Signature of Architect /: ___________________________
Registration No. of PCATP: _____________________________________ Name & Signature of Engineer:_________________________________
Registration No. of PEC: ________________________________
Dated: _______________
Description of the Work carried out till this stage:
1 .
2 .
3 .
4 .
5 .
Copy to: –
________________ Owner
________________
________________Development Authority
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FORM E
REGULARIZATION OF WORKS CARRIED OUT WITHOUT PERMISSION To
The Chief Officer, Local Council,____________.
Dear Sir,
Whereas I have constructed ______________ on plot/Khasra/Survey
No: ______________________ at shown on the plans attached herewith without your prior permission.
Whereas I have made deviations from the building plans approved under your No.____________________________ dated _______________ in the course of Construction of the building/alterations and additions to the building on Plot No/Khasra No.__________________________ as shown on the plan attached herewith.
It is, therefore, requested that the unauthorized and offensive nature of the said Structure may be compounded and the said plans may be approved. I am willing to pay the composition fee that may be levied.
Yours faithfully,
Name: _____________________________
Address: ___________________________
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6. Materials Tests Reports (1) The following tests reports (Table 2.1) should be submitted for reinforced concrete frames along with plans of building for approval from the authority. Other tests if necessary may be followed as required by BCP (2007).
(2) The tests required for steel frames may be followed as required by BCP (2007). (3) The materials should be tested in licensed and approved Laboratories. The Laboratories should be accredited by PEC or relevant organizations.
(4) Establishment of material testing laboratories is mandatory for every relevant department/authority.
(5) The tests should be performed according to American Society for Testing of Materials (ASTM) standards or other relevant standards.
Table 2.1Material Tests as per ASTM or relevant standards
Materials
Up to 2 Storey Building (Ground Plus one)
Up to 4 Storey Building (Ground Plus three)
Up to 6 Storey Building (Ground Plus Five) or above
Soil
1. Bearing Capacity
Detailed site investigation report including but not limited to the following, at sufficient points and up to 30 m depth or bed rock/hard strata;
1. Bore holes (Minimum two or more dependent on the construction plot size and soil condition, up to 30 m depth or bed rock/hard strata)
2. Ground water
3. In situ bulk/dry density test
4. Natural Moisture Content test
5. Soil classification
6. Specific Gravity test
7. Atterberg Limits test
8. Compaction test
9. Consolidation test
10. Permeability test
11. unconfined and or direct shear test/Triaxial test
12. SPT/CPT and or Vs test 13. Bearing capacity
Detailed site investigation report including but not limited to the following, at sufficient points and up to 30 m depth or bed rock/hard strata;
1. Bore holes (Minimum two or more dependent on the construction plot size and soil condition, up to 30 m depth or bed rock/hard strata)
2. Ground water
3. In situ bulk/dry density test
4. Natural Moisture Content test
5. Soil classification
6. Specific Gravity test 7. Atterberg Limits test 8. Compaction test
9. Consolidation test
10. Permeability test
11. unconfined and or direct shear test/Triaxial test
12. SPT/CPT and or Vs test 13. Bearing capacity

 

22
Cement
No tests required
1. Fineness of Cement| ASTM 184
2. Setting time & Normal Consistency ASTM C191, C187
3. Compressive Strength of Cement Mortar ASTM C109
4. Specific Gravity of Cement ASTM C188
1. Fineness of Cement| ASTM 184
2. Setting time & Normal Consistency ASTM C191, C187
3. Compressive Strength of Cement Mortar ASTM C109
4. Soundness of Cement BS 196-3 (ASTM C189-49 withdrawn)
5. Specific Gravity of Cement ASTM C188
6. All Physical and Chemical properties as per ASTM C150
Aggregate
Coarse Aggregate
1. Sieve Analysis ASTM C136
Fine Aggregates
1. Sieve Analysis ASTM C136
2. Organic Impurity ASTM C40
Coarse Aggregate
1. Sieve Analysis ASTM C136
2. Flakiness Index ASTM D4791
3. Elongation Index ASTM D4791
4. Rodded Density ASTM C29 1500
5. Specific Gravity ASTM C127
6. Water Absorption ASTM C127
Fine Aggregates
1. Sieve Analysis ASTM C136
2. Organic Impurity ASTM C40
3. Specific Gravity ASTM C128 – 15
Coarse Aggregate
1. Sieve Analysis ASTM C136
2. Flakiness Index ASTM D4791
3. Elongation Index ASTM D4791
4. Rodded Density ASTM C29 1500
5. Specific Gravity ASTM C127
6. Water Absorption ASTM C127
7. Soundness ASTM C88 Fine Aggregates
1. Sieve Analysis ASTM C136
2. Organic Impurity ASTM C40
3. Specific Gravity ASTM C128 – 15

 

23

 

 

4. Soundness ASTM C88
Concrete
Compressive Strength of concrete ASTM C39
Concrete Mix design
Concrete Mix design
Steel
1. Tensile strength ASTM A615 is recommended
1. Gauge Test ASTM A615 2. Unit Weight Test ASTM A615
3. Tensile strength ASTM A615
4. Elongation by ASTM A615
1. Gauge Test ASTM A615 2. Unit Weight Test ASTM A615
3. Tensile strength ASTM A615
4. Bend test ASTM A615 5. Elongation by ASTM A615
Bricks/Tuff
Tiles/Concrete Blocks
No test required
Compression tests by ASTM or relevant Standards
Compression tests and other required Tests by ASTM or relevant Standards

 

7. Procedure of inspection (1) The building inspector from the authority should perform inspection of the building. A building inspector should be a registered Civil Engineer with PEC having 5 years’ experience or a registered Architectural Engineer with PEC having 5 years’ experience.
(2) Verification of Building at Different Construction Stages / Floor Levels: Every person who commences any building works shall give notice to the Authority in ‘Inspection Certificate’ at the important stages of construction i.e. the foundation, plinth and pouring of all roof levels (Form F).
(3) Minimum of 3 visits for single or two storey buildings and 5 visits for three to five storey buildings. For the building more than five stories or important building at least seven visits should be carried to check the building at different construction levels according the approved plans and structural designs.
(4) Cancellation of Permission: If any time after permission to carry out building work has been accorded, the Authority is satisfied that such permission was granted due to any defective title of the applicant, material misrepresentation or fraudulent statement contained in the application therewith in respect of such building, such permission may be cancelled and any work done hereunder shall be deemed to have been done without permission. Any oversight in
24
approved building plans does not entitle the owner to violate the Rules.
(5) Inspection of Building: The Authority may, without giving previous notice, cause the premises to be inspected at any time before the sanction of a plan under these Rules, at any time during the construction, within 30 days from the receipt of the notice.
(6) Inspection by the Authority Staff: A Civil Engineer/Architectural Engineer appointed on this behalf by the Executive Officer may inspect any building so as to determine whether any action is required to be taken in respect of such building or anything affixed thereof. (7) Notice of Completion and Occupation:
(i) Every person who carries out and completes building works sanctioned under these Rules shall give notice to the Authority Executive Officer within thirty days of the completion of such works (Form G).
(ii) After receipt of the notice of completion, the Authority Executive Officer shall cause such work to be inspected and after such inspection he may approve or disapprove the building for occupancy or may make such further order as he may deem fit, within 90 days after receipt of application from the owner.
(iii)No person shall occupy any such building or use any part affected by the erection or re-erection of such building until the permission referred to in these Rules has been granted.
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FORM F (Inspection Certificate)
Verification of Building at Lay Out/Plinth/Super Structure Level
The Chief Officer, Local Council,_____________ .
I / we hereby inform that I/we have commenced the building works on Plot No______
located at _________ and also to bring into your notice that the following important stage of construction of building has been completed i.e. the layout/plinth/Super Structure levels:
Name & Signature of Building Inspector (Civil Engineer/Architectural Engineer): _________________
_______________________________
_______________________________
2. You are, therefore, requested to depute a representative to verify the building line at
The above mentioned layout and plinth level or to check the construction at the required level of super structure so as to enable me/us to carry out the remaining work.
Owner’s Signature &Address: –
_______________________
______________________
______________________
26
FORM G
CERTIFICATE OF COMPLETION
The Chief Officer, Local Council,_____________ .
Date_______________
I / we hereby give notice of completion of building/addition or alteration in the building on Plot No.__________ located at __________ and of drainage and water arrangement therein and apply for occupation for the said building.
The said work has been carried out in accordance with approved Building Plans received vide letter No.__________________ Dated _____________________.
Owner’s Signature:____________________________
Address & Tel. No.__________________________ Dated: __________
ENGINEER’S CERTIFICATE
I hereby certify that the building/additions or alteration of the building on Plot No.__________ located at ___________ have been completed/partly completed under my supervision and to my satisfaction. I have been paid in full for my services for the design, supervision and monitoring of the building. The building has been constructed as per the plans approved vide letter
No.___________________dated______________
Civil Engineer ____________________Signature__________________
PEC Registration No: _______________________
27
Chapter 3. Professionals and Laboratories
8. Qualifications of the professionals and professional responsibilities (1) For construction of buildings in the Balochistan province it is mandatory to hire services of licensed Architects and Civil/Structural Engineers as defined by these rules. (8) The authority should enlist and register the Contactors/Consultants and Proof Engineers. (9) The Material Testing Laboratories should be accredited by Pakistan Engineering Council or relevant organizations.
(10) The following tables enlist the requisite qualifications for various categories of Professionals, Laboratories and professional responsibilities
9. Qualifications of the professionals
Table 3.1 Qualifications of the professionals
Designation
Qualifications
Architect
A person recognized as such under PCATP Ordinance-ix of 1983 and Rules & Regulations framed thereunder.
Building Supervisor
1. Bachelor Degree in Civil Engineering/Architectural Engineering and Registered Engineer with PEC and one year experience in Building Construction.
2. MS Degree in Structural/Civil Engineering
Building Designer
1. Bachelor Degree in Civil Engineering and Registered Engineer with PEC plus three years practical experience of working as Building Supervisor.
2. MS Degree in Structural Engineering and One year practical experience of working as Building Supervisor.
Professional Engineer (Civil)
A person recognized as such under PEC Act and Rules & Regulations framed thereunder.
Professional Engineer (Structures)
A person recognized as such under PEC Act and Rules & Regulations framed thereunder.
Proof Engineer
1. A person registered with Pakistan Engineering Council (PEC) as Professional Engineer (Structures).
2. A person having Ph.D. in Structural Engineering.

 

28
Structural Engineer
1. A person registered with Pakistan Engineering Council (PEC) as Professional Engineer (Structures).
2. A person having MS degree in Structural Engineering and 5 years’ experience.
3. A person having Ph.D. in Structural Engineering.
4. A professional Civil Engineer recognized as Consulting Structural Engineer under PEC Act.
Town Planner
A person recognized as such by PCATP. Ordinance-ix of 1983 and Rules & Regulations framed thereunder.
Building Inspector (From the authority)
1. A person having BS degree in Civil Engineering or Architectural Engineering registered with PEC and having 5 years’ experience. 2. A person having MS degree in Civil Engineering or Architectural Engineering registered with PEC and having 3 years’ experience. 3. A person having Ph.D. degree in Civil Engineering or Architectural Engineeringand registered with PEC.

 

10. Qualification/entitlement of laboratories
Table 3.2 Qualification/entitlement of laboratories
Laboratory
Qualifications
Entitlement
Geo-Technical
Laboratory
Fully equipped laboratory having technical staff as follows:
1. Geo-tech consultant, registered with PEC as consultant (Geology or Soil Science).
2. PhD. In Geo-Tech or Soil Sciences
Soil Testing and recommendations for foundations for all types of Buildings and Projects.
Material Testing Laboratory
Fully equipped laboratory having technical staff as follows:
1. Registered as Professional Engineer (Civil) with PEC, minimum five years’ experience in field and technical paper/article on materials.
2. PhD in Structural Engineering or Construction Materials.
Material testing of all Buildings and Projects

 

29
11. Maximum Authorization of Professionals
Table 3.3 Maximum Authorization of Professionals
Materials
Up to 2 Storey Building
(Ground Plus one)
Up to 4 Storey Building
(Ground Plus three)
Up to 6 Storey Building
(Ground Plus Five) or above
Building Supervisor
Supervision
Supervision with 5 years’ experience
Supervision with 10 years’ experience
Building Designer
Design & Supervision
Supervision
Supervision
Architect
Architectural Design/ Preparation of Plans
Architectural Design/ Preparation of Plans with 5 years’ experience
Architectural Design/ Preparation Plans with 10 years’ experience
Professional Engineer (Civil)
Design & Supervision
Supervision
Supervision with 5 years’ experience
Structural Engineer
Structure Design & Supervision
Structure Design & Supervision
Structure Design & Supervision
Proof Engineer
——
Structural Vetting
Structural Vetting
Town Planner
——
——
Design & Supervision

 

30
Chapter 4. Building Structural Design and Materials Requirements
12.Scope (1) Structure analysis, design, detailing and loading shall be in accordance with the requirements of Building Code of Pakistan, Seismic Provisions-2007 (BCP-2007).
(2) The design and material selection can be done through Uniform Building Code 1997 (UBC 1997), American Concrete Institute (ACI) guidelines for structural concrete or American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC) guidelines for steel members in the case where BCP-2007 guidelines are not sufficient for structural design or materials.
(3) This chapter is primarily related to the design of building or building like structures. The design of other structures should be carried according the expert committee decision made for the specific project or may be decided by authority according to the requirements of the structure.
13.General Requirements (1) The maximum height of buildings in Quetta City on minor streets and one lane roads should not exceed by a vertical angle of 27o(Height of Building = Distance from center of road to building line × tan(27o)). Additionally, the maximum height in Quetta City should not exceed 50 feet for residential and 60 feet for commercial buildings (IBC-2018) in any case (where the 27oangle gives greater heights for residential or commercial buildings).
(2) The maximum height of basements restricted to 12 feet for all types of buildings in Quetta city by these rules.
(3) No soft storey is allowed for buildings with heights more than 30 feet in any case especially in seismic Zone 3 and 4.
(4) Notice of violation: The building control authority is authorized to serve a notice of violation or order on the person responsible for the erection, construction, alteration, extension, repair, moving, removal, demolition or occupancy of a building or structure in violation of the provisions of these rules, or in violation of a permit or certificate issued under the provisions of these rules. Such order shall direct the discontinuance of the illegal action or condition and the abatement of the violation.
31
(5) Violation penalties: Any person who violates a provision of these rules or fails to comply with any of the requirements thereof or who erects, constructs, alters or repairs a building or structure in violation of the approved construction plans or directive of the building Authority, or of a permit or certificate issued under the provisions of these rules, shall be subject to penalties as prescribed by these rules (Annexure-A).
(6) The building violations should be demolished along with imposing violation penalties and violations should not be relaxed in any case by these rules. The expense on removal of violations will be paid by the owner of the building.
(7) Provision of shelters and rescue places should be established at various locations of the city to be used during earthquake or any disaster for the public.
14 Structural Design Requirements
(1) Design shall be in accordance with Strength Design, Load and Resistance Factor Design or Allowable Stress Design methods, as permitted by the applicable materials. (2) The design should be carried according the section 5.5, BCP-2007 or any update in this code.
15. Loads
(1) Dead Loads: consist of the weight of all materials and fixed equipment incorporated into the building or other structure. Dead loads should be in compliance to section 5.6 of BCP 2007.
(2) Live loads: shall be the maximum loads expected by the intended use or occupancy and should be taken according to section 5.7 of BCP-2007.
(3) Snow loads: shall be determined in accordance with Division II, Chapter 5, of BCP-2007. (4) Wind loads: shall be determined in accordance with Division III, Chapter 5 of BCP-2007. (5) Earthquake loads: shall be determined in accordance with Division IV Chapter 5 BCP 2007.
(6) Other minimum loads should be taken according to section 5.11 of BCP-2007. 16. Combinations of Loads Buildings and other structures and all portions thereof shall be designed to resist the load combinations specified in section 5.12 of BCP-2007 or any update in this code.
17. Earthquake Design
32
The purpose of the earthquake provisions given by BCP-2007 is primarily to safeguard against major structural failures and loss of life, not to limit damage or maintain function. Structures and portions thereof shall, as a minimum, be designed and constructed to resist the effects of seismic ground motions as provided in Division IV-Earthquake Design (Chapter 5, BCP-2007).
(1) Criteria Selection:
The procedures and the limitations for the design of structures shall be determined considering seismic zoning, site characteristics, occupancy, configuration, structural system and height in accordance with the section 5.29, BCP-2007.
(a) Occupancy Categories: For purposes of earthquake resistant design, each structure shall be placed in one of the occupancy categories listed in Table 4.1(Table 5.13, BCP-2007).
(b) Site Geology and Soil Characteristics: Each site shall be assigned a soil profile type based on properly substantiated geotechnical data using the site categorization procedure set forth in Chapter 6 of these rules or minimum requirements as set in Chapter 3, Table 2.1.
(c) Site Seismic Hazard Characteristics: Seismic hazard characteristics for the site shall be established based on the seismic zones and proximity of the site to active seismic sources, site soil profile characteristics and the structure’s importance factor. The details in section 5.29.4 of BCP-2007 should be followed in this regard.
(d) Configuration Requirements: should comply with section 5.29.5 of BCP-2007. (e) Structural Systems: General. Structural systems shall be classified as one of the types listed in Table 5.1 (Table 5.13, BCP-2007) and defined in the section 5.29.6 of BCP-2007.
(f) Height Limits: Height limits for the various structural systems in Seismic Zones 3 and 4 are given in Table 5.1. However The maximum height of buildings in Quetta City on minor streets and one lane roads should not exceed by a vertical angle of 27o(Height of Building = Distance from center of road to building line × tan(27o)). Additionally, the maximum height in Quetta City should not exceed 50 feet for residential and 60 feet for commercial buildings (IBC-2018) in any
33
case (where the 27oangle gives greater heights for residential or commercial buildings). Buildings constructed in the rest of Balochistan the height may be finalized based on Table 4.1.
Table 4.1 Structural Systems (Table 5.13, BCP-2007)
Basic Structural System2
Lateral-Force-Resisting System Description
R
Ωₒ
Height
Limit for Seismic
Zones 3 And 4
(m)
(ft)
1.Bearing wall system
1. Light-framed walls with shear panel.
a. Wood structural panel walls for structures three stories or less
b. All other light-framed walls
2. Shear walls
a. Concrete
b. Masonry
3. Light steel-framed bearing walls with tension-only bracing
4. Braced frames where bracing carries gravity load a. Steel
b. Concrete3
c. Heavy timber
5.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
2.8
4.4
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.2
2.2
2.2
2.2
20
20
50
50
20
50

20
65
65
160
160
65
160

65
2. Building frame system
1. Steel eccentrically braced frames (EBF)
2. Light-framed walls with shear panels
a. Wood structural panel walls for structures three stories or less
b. All other light-framed walls
3. Shear walls
a. Concrete
b. Masonry
4. Ordinary braced frames
a. Steel
b. Concrete3
c. Heavy timber
5. Special concentrically braced frames
a. Steel
7.0
6.5
5.0
5.5
5.5
5.6
5.6
5.6
6.4
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.2
2.2
2.2
2.2
75
20
20
75
50
50

20
75
240
65
65
240
160
160

65
240
3. Moment resisting frames system
1. Special moment-resisting frames (SMRF)
a. Steel
b. Concrete4
2. Masonry moment-resisting walls frames (MMRWF) 3. Concrete intermediate moment-resisting frames (IMRF)5 4. Ordinary moment-resisting frame (OMRF)
a. Steel6
b. Concrete7
5. Special truss moment frames of steel (STMF)
8.5
8.5
6.5
5.5
4.5
3.5
6.5
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.8
N.L
N.L
50

50

75
N.L
N.L
16

160

240

 

34
4. Dual system
1. Shear walls
a. Concrete with SMRF
b. Concrete with steel OMRF
C. Concrete with concrete IMRF5
d. Masonry with SMRF
e. Masonry with steel OMRF
f. Masonry with concrete IMRF3
g. Masonry with masonry MMRWF
2. Steel EBF
a. With steel SMRF
b. With steel OMRF
3. Ordinary braced frames
a. Steel with steel SMRF
b. Steel with steel OMRF
c. Concrete with concrete SMRF3
d. Concrete with concrete IMRF3
4. Special concentrically braced frames
a. Steel with steel SMRF
b. Steel with steel OMRF
8.5
4.2
6.5
5.5
4.2
4.2
6.0
8.5
4.2
6.5
4.2
6.5
4.2
7.5
4.2
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.8
2.8
N.L
50
50
50
50

5O
N.L
50
N.L
50


N.L
50
N.L.
160
160
160
160

160
N.L.
160
N.L
160


N.L
160
5. Cantilevered column building systems
1. Cantilevered column elements
2.2
2.0
11
35
6. Shear wall frame interaction systems
1. Concrete8
5.5
2.8
50
160
7. Undefined systems
See Sections 5.29.6.7 and 5.29.9.2



 

N.L. – no limit
1See section 5.30.4 (BCP-2007) for combination of structural systems.
2Basic structural system are defined in Section 5.29.6. (BCP-2007)
3Prohibited is seismic Zone 3 and 4.
4Includes precast concrete conforming to section 1931.2.7 (UBC 1997).
5Prohibited is Seismic Zones 3 and 4, except as permitted is section 5.34.2 (BCP-2007)
6Ordinary moment-resisting frames in Seismic Zone 1 meeting the requirements of chapter 8 (BCP-2007) may use a R value of 8.
7Total height of the building including cantilevered columns.
8Prohibited is Seismic Zones 2A, 2B, 3 and 4. See section 5.33.2 (BCP-2007)
(g) Selection of Lateral-force Procedure: the lateral force analysis procedure should be selected according to BCP-2007, section 5.29.8.
(h) System Limitations: Structures with a discontinuity in capacity, vertical
35
irregularity, undefined structural systems or Irregular features should be analyzed or designed according to BCP-2007, section 5.29.9.
(2) Minimum Design Lateral Forces and Related Effects
(a) Earthquake Loads and Modeling Requirements: Structures shall be designed for ground motion producing structural response and seismic forces in any horizontal direction. The loads should be calculated according to BCP-2007, section 5.30.
(b) Static Force Procedure: The total design base shear in a given direction shall be determined from the formula given in BCP-2007, section 5.30.2.
(c) Determination of Seismic Factors: these factors should be determined according to BCP-2007, Section 5.30.3.
(d) Combinations of Structural Systems: Where combinations of structural systems are incorporated into the same structure, the requirements of BCP-2007, section 5.30.4 shall be satisfied.
(e) Vertical Distribution of Force: The total force shall be distributed over the height of the structure in conformance with Formulas of BCP-2007, section 5.30.5. (f) Horizontal Distribution of Shear: the horizontal distribution of shear should be carried according to BCP-2007, section 5.30.6.
(g) Drift: Drift or horizontal displacements of the structure shall be computed where required by BCP-2007, for both Allowable Stress Design and Strength Design, according to section 5.30.9.
(h) Storey Drift Limitation: General. Storey drifts shall be computed using the Maximum Inelastic Response Displacement according to BCP-2007, section 5.30.10.
(3) Dynamic Analysis Procedures: Dynamic analyses procedures, when used, shall conform to the criteria established in BCP-2007, section 5.31. The analysis shall be based on an appropriate ground motion representation and shall be performed using accepted principles of dynamics.
(4) Lateral Force on Elements of Structures, Nonstructural Components and Equipment Supported by Structures: Elements of structures and their attachments, permanent nonstructural
36
components and their attachments, and the attachments for permanent equipment supported by a structure shall be designed to resist the total design seismic forces prescribed in Section 5.32.2 of BCP-2007.
(5) Non-building Structures: Non building structures include all self-supporting structures other than buildings that carry gravity loads and resist the effects of earthquakes. Non building structures shall be designed to provide the strength required to resist the displacements induced by the minimum lateral forces specified in BCP-2007, section 5.34. Design shall conform to the applicable provisions of other sections as modified by the provisions contained in Section 5.34.
(6) Earthquake-Recording Instrumentations: In seismic zones 3 and 4, every building over 10 storeys in height with an aggregate floor area of 9290 meter square (100,000 ft2) or more and every building over 15 storeys in height regardless of floor area shall be provides with not less than three approved recording accelerographs. The accelerographs shall be interconnected for common start and common timing. The provisions of BCp-2007, Section 5.35, should be followed in this regard.
18. Structural Concrete
(1) General Requirements: This section contains special requirements for design and construction of cast-in-place reinforced concrete members of a structure for which the design forces, related to earthquake motions, have been determined on the basis of energy dissipation in the nonlinear range of response as specified in Chapter 5 of BCP-2007. For applicable specified concrete compressive strengths see 1.1.1 of ACI 318-05 and Section 7.3.4.1. For explanation of provisions, see Chapter 21, Commentary of ACI 318-05.
(2) Flexural Members of Special Moment Frames: Requirements of this section shall apply to special moment frame members (a) resisting earthquake-induced forces and (b) proportioned primarily to resist flexure. These frame members shall satisfy the requirements of BCP-2007 section 7.4.
(3) Special Moment Frame Members Subjected to Bending and Axial Load: The requirements of this sub-section apply to special moment frame members (a) resisting earthquake induced forces and (b) having a factored axial compressive force Pu. This section shall satisfy all the requirements of BCP-2007, section 7.5.
(4) Joints of Special Moment Frames: This section shall satisfy all the requirements of BCP 2007, section 7.6.
37
(5) Special Moment Frames constructed using Precast Concrete: Special moment frames with ductile connections constructed using precast concrete shall satisfy all the requirements of BCP-2007, section 7.7.
(6) Special Reinforced Concrete Structural Walls and Coupling Beams: The requirements of this section apply to special reinforced concrete structural walls and coupling beams serving as part of the earthquake force-resisting system. This section shall satisfy all the requirements of BCP-2007, section 7.8.
(7) Foundations: Foundation resisting earthquake induced forces or transferring earthquake induced forces between structure and ground shall comply with 7.11 of cp-2007 and other applicable code provisions.
18. Structural Steel Buildings: The Seismic Provisions for Structural Steel Buildings, hereinafter referred to as these Provisions, shall govern the design, fabrication and erection of structural steel members and connections in the seismic load resisting systems (SLRS) and splices in columns that are not part of the SLRS, in buildings and other structures, where other structures are defined as those structures designed, fabricated and erected in a manner similar to buildings, with building-like vertical and lateral load-resisting-elements. These Provisions shall apply when the seismic response modification coefficient, R, (as specified in the Chapter 5, Table 5.13, BCP-2007) is taken greater than 3, regardless of the seismic design category. When the seismic response modification coefficient, R, is taken as 3 or less, the structure is not required to satisfy these Provisions, unless specifically required by the applicable building code.
These Provisions shall be applied in conjunction with the AISC Specification for Structural Steel Buildings ANSI/AISC 360-05, hereinafter referred to as the Specification. Members and connections of the SLRS shall satisfy the requirements of the applicable building code, ANSI/AISC 360-05, and these Provisions.
(1) Loads, Load Combinations, and Nominal Strengths: these shall satisfy the requirements of BCP-2007, section 8.4.
(2) Structural Design Drawings and Specifications, Shop Drawings, and ErectionDrawings: Structural design drawings and specifications shall show the work to be performed, and include items required by ANSI/AISC 360-05 and shall satisfy the requirements of BCP-2007 section 8.5.
38
(3) Materials: Structural steel used in the seismic load resisting system (SLRS) shall meet the requirements of ANSI/AISC 360-05 Section A3.1a, except as modified in section 8.6 BCP-2007. (4) Connections, Joints and Fasteners: Connections, joints and fasteners that are part of the seismic load resisting system (SLRS) shall comply with ANSI/AISC 360-05 Chapter J, and with the additional requirements of BCP-2007, section 8.7. The design of connections for a member that is a part of the SLRS shall be configured such that a ductile limit state in either the connection or the member controls the design.
(5) Members: Members in the seismic load resisting system (SLRS) shall comply with ANSI/AISC 360-05 and Section 8.8 of BCP-2007.
(6) Special Moment Frames (SMF): Special moment frames (SMF) are expected to withstand significant inelastic deformations when subjected to the forces resulting from the motions of the design earthquake. SMF shall satisfy the requirements in the Section 8.9 of BCP 2007.
(7) Intermediate Moment Frames (IMF): Intermediate moment frames (IMF) are expected to withstand limited inelastic deformations in their members and connections when subjected to the forces resulting from the motions of the design earthquake. IMF shall meet the requirements in the Section 8.10 of BCP-2007.
(8) Ordinary Moment Frames (OMF): Ordinary moment frames (OMF) are expected to withstand minimal inelastic deformations in their members and connections when subjected to the forces resulting from the motions of the design earthquake. OMF shall meet the requirements in the Section 8.11 of BCP-2007.
(9) Special Truss Moment Frames (STMF): Special truss moment frames (STMF) are expected to withstand significant inelastic deformation within a specially designed segment of the truss when subjected to the forces from the motions of the design earthquake. STMF shall be limited to span lengths between columns not to exceed 20 m (65 ft) and overall depth not to exceed 1.8 m (6 ft ). The columns and truss segments outside of the special segments shall be designed to remain elastic under the forces that can be generated by the fully yielded and strain
hardened special segment. STMF shall meet the requirements in the Section 8.12 of BCP-2007. (10) Special Concentrically Braced Frames (SCBF): Special concentrically braced frames (SCBF) are expected to withstand significant inelastic deformations when subjected to the forces resulting from the motions of the design earthquake. SCBF shall meet the requirements in the
39
Section 8.13 of BCP-2007.
(11) Ordinary Concentrically Braced Frames (OCBF): Ordinary concentrically braced frames (OCBF) are expected to withstand limited inelastic deformations in their members and connections when subjected to the forces resulting from the motions of the design earthquake. OCBF shall meet the requirements in this Section. OCBF above the isolation system in seismically isolated structures shall meet the requirements in the Section 8.14 of BCP-2007.
(12) Eccentrically Braced Frames (EBF): Eccentrically braced frames (EBFs) are expected to withstand significant inelastic deformations in the links when subjected to the forces resulting from the motions of the design earthquake. The diagonal braces, columns, and beam segments outside of the links shall be designed to remain essentially elastic under the maximum forces that can be generated by the fully yielded and strain- hardened links, except where permitted in this Section. In buildings exceeding five storeys in height, the upper storey of an EBF system is permitted to be de- signed as an OCBF or a SCBF and still be considered to be part of an EBF system for the purposes of determining system factors in the applicable building code. EBF shall meet the requirements in the Section 8.15 of BCP-2007.
(13) Buckling-Restrained Braced Frames (BRBF): Buckling-restrained braced frames (BRBF) are expected to withstand significant inelastic deformations when subjected to the forces resulting from the motions of the design earthquake. BRBF shall meet the requirements in the Section 8.16 of BCP-2007. Where the applicable building code does not contain design coefficients for BRBF, the provisions of Appendix R of ANSI/AISC 341-05 shall apply.
(14) Special Plate Shear Walls (SPSW): Special plate shear walls (SPSW) are expected to withstand significant inelastic deformations in the webs when subjected to the forces resulting from the motions of the design earthquake. The horizontal boundary elements (HBEs) and vertical boundary elements (VBEs) adjacent to the webs shall be designed to remain essentially elastic under the maximum forces that can be generated by the fully yielded webs, except that plastic hinging at the ends of HBEs is permitted. SPSW shall meet the requirements in the Section 8.17 of BCP-2007. Where the applicable building code does not contain design coefficients for SPSW, the provisions of Appendix R of ANSI/AISC 341-05 shall apply.
(15) Quality Assurance Plan: When required by the applicable building code or the engineer of record, a quality assurance plan shall be provided. The quality assurance plan shall include the requirements of Appendix Q of ANSI/AISC 341-05.
40
20. Composite Structural Steel and Reinforced Concrete Buildings
(1) Materials
(a) Structural steel members and connections used in composite Seismic Load Resisting Systems (SLRS) shall meet the requirements of ANSI/AISC 360-05 section A3.
(b) Concrete and steel reinforcement used in composite components in composite SLRS shall meet the requirements of ACI 318-05, sections 21.2.4 through 21.2.8. (2) Composite Members and Connections shall be in accordance with BCP-2007, chapter 8, or any update in BCP-2007.
21. Masonry
The materials, design, construction and quality assurance of masonry shall be in accordance with Chapter 9 of BCP-2007.
22. Architectural Elements:- Those unique components and details which are attached to structures for the purpose of good aesthetics or other architectural design are termed as architectural elements. These includes conservation pits, Apron, Balcony, Cornice, Keystone, Antefix, Arris, Architrave etc.
(1) Seismic Loads Applied to Architectural Component
(a) The Architectural components shall be attached in such a manner that the seismic loads are applied at the center of gravity of the components and then transferred to the structural system of the building in such a way that the failure of an architectural component shall not cause the failure of an architectural system.
(b) Architectural components and their means of attachment shall be designed for seismic forces in accordance with section 10.2 of BCP 2007.
(2) Ceiling and other components attached to ceilings shall be designed and tied in accordance with BCP-2007, section 10.3.
(3) All the partitions of Architectural components shall meet the requirements of BCP 2007, Section 10.4.
23. Mechanical & Electrical Systems Mechanical and electrical components and their supports shall satisfy the requirements given in Chapter 11 of BCP 2007.
41
Chapter 5. Soil and Geotechnical Investigations
24. Soil Report Review Process: Soil/Geotechnical report prepared by the licensed engineer should be reviewed by the Expert such as Professional Engineer in Soils or having PhD qualification in Geotechnical Engineering or Proof Engineer having Consulting Licence in Geotechnical Engineering.
25. Seismic Hazard Assessment: For assessing the seismic hazard, the geotechnical report should be prepared by Professional Engineer in Soils or having PhD qualification in Geotechnical Engineering.
(1) Bed Rock Response: Probabilistic Hazard Analysis: Using the BCP-2007 seismic zonation, the bed rock Peak Ground Acceleration (PGA) can be calculated for the site of interest. (2) Seismic site classification: For site classification shear wave velocity profile is required. Therefore, SASW (Spectral Analysis of Surface Waves) or MASW (Multi-channel Analysis of Surface Waves) geophysical tests are required.
(3) Surface Response: Using the BCP-2007 site amplification factors can be computed and multiplied to compute the surface response. As residential buildings in Pakistan either are single or double story therefore PGA will be reliable intensity measure to account for the level of expected ground motion intensity at site of interest.For the important building with multiple stories design response spectra can be defined as per the BCP-2007 guidelines. For site class F site specific response analysis must be carried out.
(4) Ground motion selection: In case, the time history analysis is required for the building seismic design, suite of ground motions should be selected as,
(a) Locate the site of interest on the fault map given in BCP -2007, compute deterministic scenario.
(b) Using the computed deterministic scenario select the three (03) set of recorded acceleration time histories.
(c) In case buildings are single or double story with fundamental period less than 1s, use the PGA scaled motion, for mid to high rise building use response spectrum compatible time histories. The only required geophysical test for this step is MASW or SASW to compute the average shear wave velocity profile. These information will be provided to structure engineer for evaluation of
42
“Seismic Design”.
(5) Liquefaction Potential: Mostly saturated soil (particularly sandy soil) if subjected to dynamic loading are susceptible to liquefaction. In case of earthquake prone area, the liquefaction is expected if the Rupture distance (source to site distance) is less than 100 km. If the above conditions are existing, the soil must be checked for liquefaction potential. The liquefaction potential of the sub-surface can be evaluated by performing standard penetration test (SPT), or cone penetration test (CPT), or shear wave velocity (Vs) test and incorporating the correlation between cyclic resistance ratio (CRS) and SPT/CPT/Vs.The liquefaction can also be assessed by performing one dimensional effective stress site response analysis.
(6) Potential Landslide and Slope Instability: In case the site is location on slope or face slope, it is required to evaluate the seismic slope stability such that the setback distance is not interspacing the failure plane of slope. Following methods maybe used to evaluate seismic slope stability,(a) Pseudo-static method, and (b) Sliding block method. The seismic load/demand in terms of PGA should be calculated as defined in Seismic Hazard section. To define the shear strength and stiffness of soil in seismic slope stability tests should be performed to determine required soil properties (c, phi, unit weight, and stratigraphy).
26. Soils and Foundations.- (1) Introduction: It is important that before a field investigation program is developed a preliminary site characterization based on published literature and clients and consultant’s information, information from old constructions etc. be prepared. Geotechnical properties of soils highly influence the stability of civil engineering structures. The occurrence and distribution of soils in nature varies from location to location. Therefore, site specific geotechnical investigation is always needed.
(2) Soil Profile: In view of the structural design as per Sec 4.3 and 4.4 of BCP-2007, type of Sub-Soil for foundation should be thoroughly ascertained by geo-technical investigation under the direct supervision of qualified and experienced geo-technical engineers. Initially, few bore holes (number and depth of bore holes will be suggested by the geotechnical expert) are made or a test pit is opened to establish in a general manner the stratification, types of soil to be expected, and possibly the location of the groundwater table. If the initial borings indicate that the upper soil is loose or highly compressible, one or more borings should be taken to rock or competent strata. Following test should be performed on the soil samples collected at different depth during boring.
43
(a) Soil gradation (sieve analysis and or hydrometer test)
(b) Liquid limit test
(c) Plastic limit test
(3) Standard penetration tests (SPT) or Cone Penetration Test (CPT) must be performed at the site to get knowledge about the subsurface stratigraphy encountered in each bore hole up to the desired depth. For seismic active zones Shear wave velocity tests (SASW or MASW geophysical tests) must be performed to characterize the site class. The information gathered from the above tests will be presented in the form of Bore loges. Geotechnical investigation report must contain the bore loges.
(4) Bearing capacity: The foundation to the structures is provided to safely transmit the load of the superstructure to the safe bearing capacity of the soil. The foundation can be a, (1) shallow foundation or (2) deep foundation, depend on the available bearing capacity and size of the structure. In view of the foundation construction as per Sec 4.5 of BCP-2007, the safe bearing capacity of the foundation soil must be calculated for any type of foundation.
(5) Shallow foundation: The bearing capacity for shallow foundation should be calculated by any of the following methods.
(a) Analytical methods: The analytical method proposed by Terzaghi (194) can be used to calculate the bearing capacity of shallow foundations. Shear strength parameters i.e. cohesion and the internal friction angle is used to calculate the bearing capacity of soil. The shear strength parameter can be determined by conducting the following tests;
(b) Direct shear test
(c) Triaxial test
(d) Unconfined test
(e) The relative density test
(f) Plate load test
(6) The type of test will be selected by a qualified and experienced geo-technical engineer. The bearing capacity of shallow foundation can also be determined by performing the plate load test in the field on the desired depth. The foundation must also be checked for settlement and shear failure. One dimensional consolidation test must be performed to assess settlement of the foundation. It is highly recommended for multi-story buildings and important buildings that the
44
foundation must be checked for settlement and shear failure by using advanced soil constitutive models in computer simulation programs.
(7) Deep foundation: Deep foundation is provided if the desired bearing capacity is not found at shallow depth. Any of the following tests must be performed to find the desired bearing capacity depth.
i. Standard Penetration Test (SPT)
ii. Cone Penetration Test (CPT)
A qualified geo-technical engineer will have to verify the tests results and suggest the type of the foundation.
Proper investigation of lateral stresses and strains before excavation must be carried out.
(8) Design Parameters of Foundations in Seismic Zones: The seismic factor (kh) must be considered in calculated the bearing capacity factors for foundations in seismic zones 3 and 4.Raft foundation or piles foundation is recommended if the overturning moment due to seismic loading is high. It is highly recommended for multi-story buildings and important buildings that the stability of the foundation against earthquake loading must be checked by using advanced soil constitutive models in computer simulation programs.
45
Chapter 6. Use and Occupancy
27. Scope.-
(1) In this chapter, the buildings are subdivided into residential plots and buildings, amenities buildings, and industrial and commercial buildings etc. The distribution of the area, minimum area requirement and setbacks are given in details for the mentioned classification of the buildings. These Rules separates use into broad groups called Occupancies. Under these groups, there are subdivisions that further refine the detailed requirements. Note: there is no restriction of construction of religious buildings in any area.
28. Residential plots.-
(1) General requirements of the residential plots should be as given:
Table6.1: General provisions of residential plots
Plot Size
(Marlas)
Up to 2
2 to 5
5 to 8
8 to 10
10 to 20
20 to 40
Above 40
Void Area (%)
maximum
10
10
10




Setbacks (Feet) (front/Back/Side)
No
restriction
No
restriction
7/5/0
10/10/5(one side only)
10/10/5(one side only)
15/10/5
20/15/10
Basement
Provisions (%)
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
Foot Prints (%)
minimum
90
90
65
70
70
70
60
Plot to Floor Area
1:2, not
exceeding ground + 1 floor
(Mumty
excluded)
1:2, not
exceeding ground + 2 floor
(Mumty
excluded)
1:1.8, not
exceeding
ground + 1 floor
(Mumty
excluded)
1:1.25, not exceeding
ground + 1 floor
(Mumty
excluded)
1:1.15, not exceeding
ground + 1 floor
(Mumty
excluded)
1:1.25, not exceeding ground + 1 floor
(Mumty
excluded)
1:1.25, not exceeding ground + 1 floor
(Mumty
excluded)
Mumty
Provisions (Sq.ft)
100
120
120
140
180
220
240

 

Note: No ramp, green belt or stairs on road for all size plots.
(2) Residential buildings (Flats/Apartments)
The apartment buildings are divided based on number of floors.
(1) Buildings up to four storey or less
Recommendations for the apartment buildings are given as:
(a) Necessary Set Backs
(b) Front Setback
(i) 40ft if the front of the flats is open.
(ii) 60ft if row of flats facing each other.
46
(c) Side Setback
• 20ft in between end of blocks of apartment/flats either facing each other or placed as single row from front line.
Back Setbacks
• 20ft at rear as service road for garbage collection and as privacy buffer for apartment/flats placed back to back
General Requirements
• General requirement of parking, staircase, water tanks, garbage disposal, sewerage system or septic tanks, firefighting devices, lighting conductor needs to be provided according to the provisions.
(2) Buildings above four storey:
All the requirements are same as for the apartment buildings less than four storey except with the mandatory provision of elevator.
(a) At least one elevator for a building of G+3 is compulsory and additional one elevator shall be required for every additional two floor. Provision of stretcher/cargo lifts shall also be provided in relation to the requirements of the building.
30. Residential Buildings in approved housing schemes
(1) Provisions of toilets and portable drinking water for general public are mandatory. (2) Plots and public buildings in housing schemes:
The general guidelines for the public building plots and building in housing schemes are given in the Table 7.2.
Table 7.2: General guidelines for the public buildings plots in housing schemes
Plot Size
(Marlas)
Less than 10
10 to 20
20 to 40
Above 40
Mini Bus
stands
Theaters,
clubs,
marriage,
concert &
banquet
Halls
Setbacks (Feet) (front/Back/Side)
7/5/0
10/5/5 (one side)
20/10/7
30/15/15
20/10/10
40/10/10
Foot Prints (%) Maximum
65
65
60
55
100

Plot to Floor
Area
1:3
1:3
1:3
1:3

 

Note: Minimum plot size for the theaters, clubs etc is 4 kanals and Minimum parking for cars to be 60% of occupancy. OGRA rules and regulations for CNG/Petrol filling stations should be followed.
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(3) Fire Fighting
Fire Route (Access and Exits of Fire Tenders) see Chapter 12.
Note: Furthermore, see Chapter 14 Fire Bye Laws and Byelaws regarding Fire Hazard should be adopted.
(4) Elevators in Public Buildings: Public Building of Ground + 2 or more storey must have Elevators.
(5) Approach Ramps for Special Persons
(i) Ramps for Physically Challenged Persons compulsory.
(ii) Bath rooms for Physically Challenged Persons compulsory
(iii)Push bar Doors for Special Persons
(6) Roads
Refer to Chapter 7of the Rules (Highways and roads).
(7) At least one elevator for a building of G+2 is compulsory and additional one elevator shall be required for every additional two floor. Provision of stretcher/cargo lifts shall also be provided in relation to the requirements of the building.
31. Public amenities buildings.-
In real estate and lodging, an amenity is something considered to benefit a property and thereby increase its value. The most important public amenities buildings are religious buildings, Schools, Colleges & Universities, Hospitals and B.H. U’s and Clinics.
(1) Schools: (Note: Location of school in most polluted areas and dense traffic route should be avoided)
The requirements of the plot sizes and space management is given as:
Minimum Plot Size Requirements.-
Primary Schools need a minimum of 2 Kanal total plot area.
Middle Schools need a minimum of 4 Kanal total plot area.
High Schools need a minimum of 8 Kanal total plot area.
Higher Secondary Schools needs a minimum of 16 kanal total plot area.
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Necessary Set Back (Front, Rear, Sides)
The setback shall be 10 feet each side
Foot Print, Plot to Floor Area Ratio and Site Coverage
Foot Print (Max) = 40 %
Floor Area Ratio = 1:1.6
Height (Internal and External Building Height)
The height of the buildings (basement “B”, Ground floor “G” and three stories above the ground for all types of schools (all plot sizes) are given as:
Height of each floor
Ground Floor: 9.5 Ft to 12 Ft
1st Floor & 2nd Floor (if applicable): 10.5 Ft (each) 9.5 Ft (each)
Clear Height of Basement: 9 ft.
Playground:
Minimum One playground of sufficient size should be provided in the premises of schools. (2) Colleges and universities
Minimum Plot Size Requirements
Minimum area of the college should be 36 kanal.
Minimum area of the university should be 56 kanal.
Necessary Set Back (Front, Rear, Sides)
Front setback should be 40 feet
All other sides shall have a setback of 20 feet each.
Foot Print, Plot to Floor Area Ratio and Site Coverage
Foot Print (Max) shall be 40 %
Floor Area Ratio shall be 1:1.6
Height of each storey
Ground Floor: 9.5 Ft to 12 Ft
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1st floor & 2nd floor (if applicable): 10.5 Ft (each) 9.5 Ft (each)
Clear Height of Basement: 9 ft
Height of Lawn:
Height of Lawn should not be less than 9 inches from Road Level.
Playground:
Minimum One playground of sufficient size should be provided in the premises of college / university.
(3) Hospitals
Minimum Plot Size Requirements
Minimum area of a hospital should be 4 Kanal.
Necessary Set Backs (Front, Rear, Sides)
All the setbacks should be at least 20 feet.
Foot Print, Plot to Floor Area Ratio and Site Coverage
Foot Print (Max) = 60 %
Floor Area Ratio = 1:5
Maximum Height of building
Maximum height of the building should be selected from Chapter 4 or from Pakistan building code
(4) Basic Health Units (B.H. Us) & Clinics
Minimum Plot Size Requirements: For clinic the minimum space shall be according to the nature of practice
For B.H.Us the minimum Plot size shall be 1 Kanal.
Necessary Set Back (Front, Rear, Sides)
Set back from all sides shall be 5’-0”
Foot Print, Plot to Floor Area Ratio and Site Coverage
Foot Print (Max) = 60 %
Floor Area Ratio = 1:2.8
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(5) General details
Plinth Level:
Plinth Level subject to contour of Plot as defined is 1.5 ft. to 4.5 ft.
Boundary Wall
Boundary Wall from Crown of the Road shall be 6 to 8 ft.
Height of each story
Floor height shall be: 9.5 Ft to 16 Ft
Clear Height of Basement shall be 9 ft.
Height of Lawn:
Height of Lawn should be 9 inches from Road Level.
Ramp:
Ramps should have minimum slope of 1:6 for pedestrians and physically challenged persons with holding bars for all Health facilities.
Doors, Windows & Ventilators:
All doors, Windows and Ventilators provided for rooms in the proposed building shall not be less than the following.
Minimum sizes
Ventilators: 3 sft
Doors: 2’6” X 6’6”
Windows: 6’-0”
Elevators:
At least one elevator for a building of G+2 is compulsory and additional one elevator shall be required for every additional two floor. Provision of stretcher/cargo lifts shall also be provided in relation to the requirements of the building.
Incinerators and Germs control:
i. An incinerator plant of appropriate size shall be provided in hospital buildings for burning of hazardous wastes.
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ii. Incinerator plants should be installed at a distance from all the public areas in hospitals. iii. Chemical grout should be used in tile fixing of hospital buildings.
iv. All skirting and dado should be flushed with plaster of the hospital to minimize dust, living spaces for germs.
Open Areas:
50% of the open area should be reserved for parks, recreational spaces and car parking inside hospitals and all other health care buildings.
32. Industrial Zones and Industrial Buildings
General provisions for the industrial zones and buildings must be followed for the safe and better environment. These guidelines are applicable for both the isolated industrial zones and the industries build up in already developed housing schemes.
(1) Planning and Zoning
(a) Availability of sufficient barren and non-cultivatable land for establishing industrial estate.
(b) Industrial estate shall be located away from the city/residential area. (c) Ease and accessibility to industrial estate from the main artery roads. (d) Industrial zoning to be carried out as per compatibility/nature of Industries with one another.
(e) Provision of appropriate and independent space for labor colonies, parks and green spaces and civic amenities at a safe distance from pollution areas.
(f) Creating buffer zones and green belts between the industrial estate and other settlements.
(g) Involvement of Technical professionals/firms and other concerned stake holders in the planning, Zoning and Designing of Industrial Estate.
(h) Mandatory sewerage treatment plant and safe disposal of the effluents free from all sorts of hazardous materials.
(2) Building standards
The Table below summarize some general standards of the industrial buildings.
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Table 7.3: General standards for industrial buildings
Plot Size
1 Kanal
2 Kanal
3 to 4 Kanal
1 to 3 Acre
4 Acres & above
No. of Storey


Single
Double
Multi
Single
Double
Multi
Single
Double
Multi
Setbacks
(Feet)
(Front/Sides/
Back)
15/5/5
20/10/10
25/10/15
30/15/20
35/15/25
60/20/20
65/20/30
65/20/30
80/25/30
80/25/30
80/25/30
Foot Prints (%)
Maximum
60
60
60
60
60
Min Floor Height (Feet)
12
12
12
12
12
Parapet
Height (Feet)
3
3
3
3
3
Plinth level above the ground (feet)
1
1
1
1
1

 

33. Commercial buildings
(1) All the commercial buildings must have civic amenities such as rest rooms and portable water for general dwellers. Minimum one toilet for a 5 shops building.
(2) General guidelines for commercial building are given here. These standards are also applicable to the commercial cum residential buildings.
Some of the general provisions are given in the table below.
Table 7.4: General provision for the commercial buildings
Plot Size (Marlas)
2.6 to 5
5.1 to 8.3
8.4 to 13.2
13.3 to 20
20 to 33
33 to 66
Setbacks (Feet) (front/Back/Side)
0/3/0
0/5/0
0/7.5/0
8/7.5/5
8/8/5
8/10/7.5
Foot Prints (%)
GF/Above GF
100/100
95/95
90/90
85/75
80/70
70/65
Plot to Floor Area
1:6
1:6
1:6
1:6
1:6
1:6
Storey height (feet)
9.5
9.5
9.5
9.5
9.5
9.5
Plinth Level (feet)
2
2
2
2
2
2

Keep plinth level equal to 3 feet if basement is provided.
Arcade from road crown (feet)
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
1.33
Parapet wall (feet)
4
4
4
4
4
4
Height of stair tower (Feet)
8
8
8
8
8
8

 

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Clear height of basement (Feet)
9
9
9
9
9
9
Ceiling height of shops (Feet)
9
9
9
9
9
9

If mezzanine is provided then the height should not exceed 7 feet

 

(3) Basement, Ramp, Parking
(a) The lower ground floor/basement if used for car parking purposes can be constructed after leaving 4 feet (1.22 m) space all around within the plot. This would apply in the case where only one basement is provided with a maximum excavation of 12 feet (3.66 m). Ramp may be provided in the mandatory open spaces in the basements subject to the condition that it shall not obstruct these spaces on ground level.
(b) For the construction of basement beyond 12 feet (3.66 m) depth from road level, the entire plot area can be covered subject to the provision of RCC piling along all four sides of the plot.
(c) The lower ground floor/basement if used for purposes other than car parking shall be constructed after leaving all the mandatory open spaces as required under these Rules.
(d) No ramp shall start within 10 feet clear space from the plot line for entry and exit purpose such ramp should have a minimum slope of 1:7.5 with transition slopes minimum 8 feet long and maximum 1:10 gradient at both ends.
(e) In the parking basement non-usable areas such as generator room/water tanks/pumping stations/engineering services/transformer may be permitted subject to the condition that the area does not exceed 10% of the particular floor area with proper enclosure.
(f) The rooms for security/emergency staff may also be permitted in parking basement which will not create any hindrance in parking.
(g) In case of provision of parking in basement, the parking space should be provided for both Motor Bikes and Motor Cars. Parking Basement only for Motor Bikes will not be approved.
(4) General Standards for Commercial Buildings
(a) Basements: Basement shall be permitted/ allowed in all the cases provided that:
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(i) The engineering instructions should be followed, and that the foundations of the basement do not intrude in the adjoining plot.
(ii) Independent entrance as well as an emergency exit should be provided. (iii)Proper sanitary arrangements should be made.
(iv)The drainage passing under the basement should be gas tight.
(v) The minimum height should be not less than 3.1 meters. Wherever basement is permissible, it shall be subjected to the fulfillment of the following conditions. (a) A basement shall be served with an independent entrance and it shall have an emergency exit.
(b) No difficulty should be felt for the proper sanitary arrangement of the basement and it can be directly connected to sewer or if this may not be possible pumping arrangement shall be installed.
(c) Drainage passing under the basement is gas tight.
(d) Minimum area of basement shall be 9.3 square meter (100 square feet) (e) The maximum area of each basement shall not exceed 33.20 square meters (400 square feet) except apartment building.
(b) Shops
(i) Minimum area of shops shall be 100 square feet with a minimum width of 8 feet. (ii) No shops shall be provided in basement. Basement in commercial plots exceeding 650 square yards will be used for car parking only. Fixing of hoarding over any building is prohibited, unless special permission has been authorized by the concerned building authority.
(c) Door size, Window size, ventilator size
All doors, windows and ventilators provided for rooms in the proposed building shall not be less than the following minimum sizes
(i) Ventilators – 2 square feet
(ii) Doors – 2′-6″ x 6′-6″
(iii)Windows – 9 square feet
(d) Arcades
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(i) The minimum width of arcade in Main Civic and Commercial Centers and Division/District centers shall be 10 feet. In case of neighborhood shops/Centre the minimum width of arcade shall not be less than 5 feet. This will also be applicable in all approved private commercial centers.
(ii) The level between arcade and shopping floor shall not exceed 1.5 feet whereas the level of arcade from the center of road crest shall not exceed 6 inches.
(iii)Arcade to be used as foot path for pedestrians shall be constructed in front of shops throughout and no building obstruction of any kind shall be allowed within arcade.
(e) Ramp and toilet for disabled persons
(i) In all commercial buildings, public buildings and apartments a ramp of minimum 6 feet width and having maximum gradient of 1:12 should be provided.
(ii) In case of non-provisions of lifts, each floor should be accessible through this ramp. A toilet for physically challenged persons must also be provided. Additionally, minimum one public toilet per 5 shops should be provided.
(f) Connection to Public Sewer: All the sewer and sludge water should be connected to the public sewer if present.
(g) Cesspits, Septic Tanks and Soakage Pits:In case of no public sewer, all waste/sludge water shall be collected in soakage pits through septic tanks. Soakage pits should be impervious both for leakages and infiltrations. It should not pollute any drinking water facility (underground water reservoirs, wells, water aquifers etc). Septic tanks and drainage lines should be placed in such a way that it should not contaminate any drinking water lines. One-meter distance should be kept between the waste water line and drinking water line and water line should be encased with impervious concrete incase the distance is reduced due to any reason. Any settlement tank or septic tank shall be of suitable depth and adequate size covered or fenced and if covered, adequately be ventilated and shall be constructed with means of access for the purpose of inspection (Including inspection of the inlet and outlet), emptying and cleaning.
(h) Draining Roofs: The roofs of every building abutting on the street or constructed over a street shall be drained by means of gutters and down pipes to the satisfaction of Authority Concerned.
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(i) W. Cs / Toilets: Five W. Cs and five urinals per one hundred males and females shall be provided in a unit.
(j) Special Persons: One out of every two Lavatories in Public buildings shall be dedicated for Special people with grab bars of minimum width of 6 feet.
(k) Manholes and Inspection Chambers: At every change of alignment, gradient or diameter of a drain, there shall be a manhole or inspection chamber. The spacing of manholes in case of pipe having a diameter of six inches or eight inches shall be fifty feet or one hundred and ten feet respectively and in case of diameter more than eight inches it shall be not more than one hundred and fifty feet.
(l) Boundary Wall: Boundary Wall from Crown of the Road shall be 6 to 8 feet. (m) Power Backup System: An emergency power backup system should be provided in every hospital building.
(n) Fire and Life Safety Preventions Byelaws: NOTE: – Fire and life safety preventions byelaws will be followed as Chapter 12, and Chapter 13, respectively.
(o) Height of each story: Floor height shall be 9.5 Feet to 12 Feet with 1st floor & 2nd floor (if applicable): 10.5 Ft (each) 9.5 Ft (each) and Clear Height of Basement shall be 9 feet.
(p) Ramp: Ramps should have minimum slope of 1:7.5 for pedestrians and physically challenged persons with holding bars.
(q) Parking: Sufficient Car parking space shall be provided within the plot area for Visitors according to the standards.
(i) One car space for every 1000 square feet of floor area.
(ii) 40% of Parking space shall be reserved for cycles and motorcycles
(r) Solid waste management: Minimum 3 trash bins should be provided on each floor and 10000 square feet of open lawn of the commercial building for Organic, Inorganic and Hazardous waste separately. One Big trash bin should be provided in every commercial building as a collection point and for its easy disposal.
(s) Emergency Escapes: All means of the emergency escape including extra corridors providing smooth access to streets and open spaces or adjacent buildings and roofs should be provided in all the commercial and commercial cum residential buildings.
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Window on the street elevation in all buildings should be provided.
(t) Stairs: Open stairs in setback (spiral or straight) would be allowed (i) These fall in the rear setbacks having a width of 10′-0″ and above, and in side setback towards road/open space in case of corner plots.
(ii) The width of spiral stairs shall not be less than 5′-0″ and not more than 6′-0″ and in the Straight stairs, not more than 3′-3″ and not less than 2′-9″ (including railing). These stairs are provided for servant room located at first floor.
(iii)In no case, open stairs in the setback shall be used as main stairs for approach to first floor.
(iv)A suitable visual barrier of a height not more than 6’-0” shall be provided in front of servant rooms for the privacy of neighboring houses.
(u) Pitch of stair cases: Maximum pitch provided should be 10 inches and there shall not be more than 15 risers between each landing. A landing shall not be less than 1.6 meters (3.5 ft.) in depth except in case of service stair case where the number of risers may be increased depending upon the situation and design. Winders may only be permitted in residential building other than apartment houses and all the stair cases in apartment houses shall be of RCC or other non-inflammable material.
(v) Stair cases passages, corridors: Every building other than apartments, houses up to 3 storey shall have stair cases having a clear width of 1.06 meters (3 ft. 6 inch) and 4 ft. where it exceeds three story.
(i) In apartment houses, stair cases shells have the following minimum width for all the story
up to 5 storey———————1.22 meters (4 ft.) clear
Above 5 storey——————–1.37meters (4ft 6 inches)
(ii) Every block of apartment houses having more than 6 units shall be provided with an additional stair case.
(iii)In a block of apartment houses emergency stair cases shall be provided in addition to main stair case/stair cases
(iv)An emergency stair-case shall be sited at such a position that it should be accessible to all the units without any hindrance or obstruction.
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(w) Emergency exit: An exit may be a door way or corridor, passageways to an internal stair case or external stair case or to a verandah or terraces which will have access to the adjoining street. An exit may also include a horizontal exit leading to an adjoining of the same level but lift and escalators shall not be considered as exists.The emergency escape shall conform to the following requirements:
(i) Every building meant for human habitation shall be provided with exit sufficient to permit safe escape of occupants, in case of fire or other emergency.
(ii) In every building exit shall comply with the minimum requirements of this part except the building not assessable for the general public use
(iii) All exits shall be free from obstructions.
(iv) No building shall be altered so as to reduce the number and provisions of exits to less than that of the requirement as by the approved Architect/ Town Planner. (v) Where necessary, adequate and reliable illumination shall be provided for exits. (vi) Exits shall be clearly visible and routes to reach exits clearly marked and sign posted to guide the inhabitants of the concerned.
(vii) Firefighting equipment shall be suitably located and clearly marked. (viii) Alarm devices shall be installed to ensure prompt evacuation of inhabitants concerned.
(ix) Fire resisting doors or roller shutters of approved specification shall be provided at appropriate places along the escapes routes to stop the spreading of fire and smoke and particularly at the entrances and stairs where a final effect may be created including upward spread of fire.
(x) It shall also be compulsory for residential buildings envisaging.
(x) Elevators: At least one elevator for a building of G+3 is compulsory and additional one elevator shall be required for every additional two floor. Provision of stretcher/cargo lifts shall also be provided in relation to the requirements of the building.
(y) Structures on roofs: Only the following structures of permanent nature may be constructed on roofs provided these are designed and built as per architecture and engineering design and to the satisfaction of the Authority.
(i) Chimneys, air conditioning and other ducts, vents and wind catchers.
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(ii) Water tanks suitably designed or not visible from the road.
(iii)Radio and television installations.
(iv)Parapet walls of 3 feet high. In case of accessible roof, the provision of railing/parapet wall shall be compulsory.
(v) Lift rooms skylights, etc.
(vi)Other structure which the Authority may, by general or specific order, permit.
(z) Compulsory Open Spaces (COS): Open spaces for commercial buildings are given as: (i) For plots abutting on public streets at rear, the rear COS shall be condoned/excluded. (ii) In case of corner plot, the COS on side abutting the lane or road shall be condoned and an arcade shall be provided.
(iii)Ramp leading to the parking area upward or downward is allowed only within the COS.
(iv)Projected balconies maximum three feet wide within the COS shall only be allowed at sixteen feet height from the finished floor level and the balconies shall always remain open from three sides.
(v) Projected balconies maximum three feet wide within the COS shall only be allowed at sixteen feet height from the finished floor level.
34. Religious Buildings (1) A Maximum of 5% of commercial activity for generating income/fund for maintenance of mosque shall be allowed on a plot reserved for religious buildings.
(2) No religious building shall be built within 700ft.(213m) of any cinema house, theatre, or similar entertainment facility.
(3) Religious buildings shall only be permitted on plots reserved for this purpose or on plots with specific approval from the Concerned Authority and concerned district administration for change in land use, if any, which shall be carried out in accordance with the procedures laid down in these Rules. Reasonable residential area may be allowed for the Khateeb.
(4) Necessary setbacks and other general requirements may be followed as given for Public amenities buildings (The Architect is authorized to use similar setbacks, foot prints and other general requirements).
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(1) Dangerous Buildings.- (1) All such buildings, walls or structures which are declared by the Authority as dangerous shall lie in the following two categories.
i. Building or structure whose strength, stability, serviceability, robustness or durability has been impaired due to any reason such as improper structural design and detailing, faulty or poor construction, decay, dilapidation, obsolescence, natural disasters or leading to abandonment due to all these reasons to a level, where it cannot be restored to its original status shall be classified as dangerous building category-1 by the authorized structural engineer of the Authority or a structural engineer as appointed by the Authority for said purpose and shall liable to be demolished.
ii. Any building or structure or part thereof whose strength, stability, robustness, serviceability or durability has been impaired due to all such reasons as cited in clause (a) to a level where it could by way of strengthening, appraisal and restoration be brought partially or wholly near to its original status shall be classified as dangerous building category-2 by the authorized structural engineer of the Authority, or as appointed by the Authority.
(a) Buildings unfit for human habitation and notice of prohibition: If for any reason it shall appear to the building regulatory authority that any building or part thereof intended or used for human habitation or human occupation for any purpose whatsoever is unfit for such use, it shall signify its intention to prohibit the further use of such building or part of a building and call upon the owner or occupiers or tenants to state in writing their objections, if any, to such prohibition within fifteen days after the receipt of such notice. If no objection is raised by such owner or occupier or tenant within the prescribed period or if any objection which is raised appears to the Authority to be invalid or insufficient the Authority may prohibit by an order in writing the further use of such building or part thereof. The owner, occupier or tenant of the building shall be given an opportunity of appearing before the Authority in person or by an agent in support of the objection, if so desired.
(b) Alteration, modification, uplifts and repairs of dangerous buildings of
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category-2
(i) At any time if the Authority considers that it can be rendered fit for human habitation by the structural alterations, repairs, modifications or uplifts, the Authority may by notice in writing call upon the owner to commence the specified works within such time as may be specified but not less than thirty days and to complete within the period as specified in the than ninety days from the date of receipt of such notice, such notice but not more structural alterations, modifications, uplifts or repairs as deemed necessary and if at the expiration of the aforesaid period such alterations, modification, uplifts or repairs have not been commenced or completed to the satisfaction of the Authority, it shall issue to the said owner a notice in writing ordering the demolition of the subject building within thirty days from the date of receipt of such notice.
(ii) If the Authority considers it impracticable to render such building or part thereof fit for human habitation, the authority may send a notice in writing call upon the owner to demolish it in a period specified by the authority.
(c) Demolition of dangerous building on expiration of notice period and extension of notice period
(i) If at the expiration of the period specified in the notice and order to demolish a building or part of a building issued under has not been complied with, the Authority may direct, by an order in writing, the demolition thereof through a contractor who has on his roll at least one Authority qualified engineers responsible for undertaking all necessary safety measures during the process of demolition as per procedure laid down by the Authority.
(ii) All expenses incurred by the Authority for demolishing of dangerous buildings shall be paid by the owner of the building.
(iii)For sufficient causes, the Authority may extend the time prescribed.
(d) Evacuation of dangerous buildings
If in the opinion of the Authority, any building wall or structure or anything affixed thereto is in a hazardous or dangerous state, the Authority may, by notice in writing, require the owner or occupier thereof either to remove the same or to cause such repairs
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to be made thereto forthwith as the Authority may deem fit to avert such danger, including the evacuation without notice from such building of all the occupiers thereof.
(e) Stability of the adjacent building
No excavation or dewatering or earthwork or demolition of a building which is likely to effect the stability of adjacent building shall be started or continued unless adequate steps are taken before and during the work to prevent the collapse/damage of any adjacent building or the fall of any part of it and in case of any mishaps the owner shall be responsible for life and property of the effected.
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Chapter 7. Streets/Roads/Highways
36. Scope.- In this chapter, the standards and regulation about the streets, roads and highways of the residential, commercials and other amenities are given.
37. Pedestrian Lanes.- Thoroughfares (streets and roads) intended exclusively for pedestrian traffic, referred to as “pedestrian lanes”, and shall be at least 10 ft. (3m.) wide. (2) Pedestrian lanes, if abutting plots on both sides, shall have uninterrupted length not
greater than 30 times its width provided that interruption shall be created by other pedestrian lane or vehicular street.
(3) The grade of pedestrian lanes in cross-section shall be level, and their longitudinal slope may not be greater than 50, provided however, that:-
(a) If the slope of the terrain is greater than 50, the difference in slope may be made up by an appropriate number of steps; the series of steps for each 50 higher slope shall be separated by a landing at least 6.5 ft. (1.97m) wide also there should be a ramp for wheel chair.
(b) If the lane is along double or single rows of plots in a terrain sloping more than 5%, the difference in slope may be made up by an appropriate number of steps at the bottom end of each double or single row of plots, as the case may be also. Also there should be ramp for wheel chair for special persons.
38. One-Way Streets (1) Minimum width of one way street shall be 24ft.(7.31m) with parallel parking on one side only.
(2) One-way streets shall be intersected by vehicular streets at least every 500 ft.(152 m.) 39. Two way Streets
(1) Minimum width of two way street excluding parking shall be 40ft. (12.18m). (2) Two way Street shall be so designed and maintained as to permit parallel parking on one side only.
40. Highways, major roads and boulevard (1) For Highways and major roads of not less than 100ft.(30m) right-of-way a permanent service road shall be provided on each side of the Highway/Boulevard.
(2) The width of side walks shall depend on the pedestrian traffic volume. (3) New width of green strip in roads will depend on the nature and dimension of the utility
64
lines to be laid under them.
(4) The width of the green median shall be at least 10 ft. (3m) as to provide adequate pedestrian refuge island at crossing but where necessary such strips may be released by separate train/LAT right-of-way.
(5) No direct access to highway or major roads will be allowed except through a service road at appropriate distances.
(6) Bus bays/lanes on all major roads shall be provided in consultation with Transport Department.
(7) No structure or part of a structure of ground floor may project beyond such building line or building setback line
41. Visibility at Cross Roads (1) In the interests of pedestrian safety and vehicular traffic visibility at cross roads, no trees or any other impediment/structure will be planted within 30 ft. (9.13 m) of any street right-of-way limit.
(2) For the same purposes, except as otherwise provided in sub-clause, the borders of streets shall be champhered at such distances from their crossing as provided in sub clause
42. Street Lines and Building Lines.- (1) Street rights-of-way lines shall be regarded as distance between building lines of two front buildings except where building setback lines are established, pursuant to these Rules or otherwise.
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Chapter 8. Building Space Requirements
43. Method of Measuring Clear Space (1) The minimum clear space prescribed between a building and from the property line shall be measured from the external face of the perimeter wall enclosing the covered or usable area of the building, at its greatest projection from the building, at right angles to the plot boundary, and excluding permissible chajjas and balconies. If there are more boundaries than one in the plot affecting the building, the above requirements will be satisfied at all such boundaries also.
44. Projections beyond Property Limits.- (1) No projections or overhanging features shall be permitted beyond property limits in zone 3 and 4 except where permitted under these Rules. (2) Allowable Projections
(i) Maximum allowable projection of chajjas and sunshades in compulsory open spaces shall be 2 ft or half the width of compulsory open space whichever is less. (ii) No construction shall be allowed in the chamfered portion up to 17ft (5.17m) measured from the adjacent road.
45. Separate Approach for every Building.- (1) Every building more three story building than 32 feet (10 m) high not abutting on a street shall have an access for an approach from the street, open to the sky, at least 22 ft.(7 m) and one end of this street shall join another street not less than 22 ft.(7 m) in width.
(2) Four to five story building not abutting on a street shall have an access for an approach from the street, open to the sky, at least 33 ft. (10 m) and one end of this street shall join another street not less than 33 ft.(10 m) in width.
(3) Six story building not abutting on a street shall have an access for an approach from the street, open to the sky, at least 40 ft. (12 m) and one end of this street shall join another street not less than 40 ft.(12 m) in width.
46. Open Spaces for High Rise Building.- (1) The width of the main street on which the building abuts shall not be less than 65 ft (20 m) and one end of this street shall join another street not less than 65 ft (20 m) in width;
(2) The road shall not terminate in a dead end; except in the case of residential building, up to a height of 30m or provision of a cul-de-sac.
(3) Adequate passageway and clearances requires for fire fighting vehicles to enter the premises shall be provided at the main entrance; the width of such entrance shall be not less than
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16.5 ft. (5m). If an arch or covered gate is constructed, it shall have clear headroom of no less than 6m.
47. Space for Electrical Sub-Station.- (1) A minimum space of 16ft. x 21ft. (5m. x 6.5m) (per requirement of QESCO) shall be left for electrical sub-station which is abutting on road side / street or has a clear passage of 16ft. (4.87m) width, for public sale, commercial, residential building and industrial building having an area in excess of 25,000Sq.ft.(2323Sq.m) all Category “III” and Category “IV” buildings. In the event that KESC sub-station is not required, this space may be utilized as per Regulations.
48. Space for CNG/LNG/ Petrol Filling Stations.- Oil and Gas Regulatory Authority (OGRA) Pakistan, rules and regulations for CNG/LNG/Petrol filling stations should be followed.
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Chapter 9. Construction Site Safety and Security Measures
49 Scope.- The temporary works connected with building operations will be regularized under the provisions of this chapter unless specifically prescribed by the authority. 50. Site Hoardings.- No person shall start building works on a site abutting on a street without having first provided hoarding or barriers to the satisfaction of the Authority along the whole length of such site so as to prevent danger or injury to the public or the persons employed in the work.
51. Use of Public Streets.- No part of any street shall be used in connection with the construction; repair or demolition of any building except with the written permission of the Authority. Any person holding such permission shall put up and street. Where such separation is not possible he shall make arrangement for the security of public to the satisfaction of the Authority. The materials shall not hinder with any public services, including but not limited to storm water drains, water supply lines, fire hydrants, electric poles/lines or piped gas lines etc.
52. Obstructions to be lit and marked.- Any person causing any building material or other things to be deposited, any excavation to be made, or any hoarding to be erected shall at his own expense cause sufficient and adequate red lights to be fixed upon or near the same and shall continue such lights every night from sunset to sunrise while such materials, hoardings, things or excavation remain. In addition to above, red flags of reflectorized material shall be provided during day time.
53. Utility Services not to be obstructed.- All materials, hoarding, fences or other obstructions on any street shall be kept clear of any fire hydrants of any and other utility services installation; or alternative arrangements shall be made and precautions shall be taken according to the laid down procedure of the utility agencies and to the satisfaction of the Authority to divert to keep clear of obstruction of any roadside or other drain during the period of temporary obstruction.
54. Removal of Obstruction after Completion of Works.- All obstructions shall be removed within seven days of the completion of the work and the area including the street, all drains and public utility installation shall be left in clean, tidy and in serviceable conditions. 55. Dangerous Obstruction.- If any material, hoarding, excavation or any other thing near or on any street shall be in the opinion of the Authority dangerous to the passers-by along such street
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