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Production of Grapes in Paksitan

grape-production

Production of Grapes in Paksitan

Introduction

Urdu Name           Angoor

English Name      Grapes

Botanical Name   : Vitis vinifera cultivars

Plant Type: Deciduous

Growth Habit: Upright, requires support

Growth Rate: Fast

Its crop require long, warm, dry summers and cool winters for best development, required temprature is 15 to 42 centigrad

Selection of soil

Gravelly sands to heavy clays, from shallow to deep . However,poorly or light drained or highly alkaline soils should be avoided.

PROPAGATION 

Grapes Prouning to cuttings

In winter prouning of grapes season has staered. We can made the cutting of this grapes  wain.  One-year old wood should be pruned and made the cutting

Cutting step are given bellow

  1. First of all when cutting season has started Grapes wain remove put in water tank for 2 to 3 houres (for this purpes the skin of wine remains save otherwise wines can dry particularly damegs of node)
  1. During winter season when wines are pruned cutting size shuld be 30 -40 cm long . A cutting should be round cut at proximal end (root side) and a slanting cut at the distal end (shoot side) . vine age shuld be one year for cutting. Thickness Cuttin of grapes wine  like figure to thumb

3.These cuttings are bundled. There are 50 to 70 cuttings in one bundle. These cutting bundles have put in fertile soil for 2 to 3 weaks. After that cultivate it in the black polythen bages.

Others methods of propagation are layering and grafting. But cutting propegation methed is seccessfull than layering and grafting.

Meathod of plating

Whole size = Length  1.5 feet to 2feet

=wedth  1.5feet

After dig the whole left it for 4 to 6 days for the passing of sunlight

After 6 days sprouting grapes can transplnt. Fill this whole 1:1:1 FYM, sand, whole soil respectvally and irrigate it

Mostly graps are cultivate in early spring season

Row to Row distance = 9 feet

Plant to Plant distance = 8 feet

No of plant per acre = 260 to 435

Fertilizers

In commercial orchards of grapes 5 kg of FYM per plants for good production and  Nitrogen, Phosphorous and Potassium fertilizer should be applied during winter or early spring to maintain the plants.

Irrigation

Irrigation during flowering and ripening is not advised as it may delay ripening, reduces berry size and increases shedding. Recmanded water 2 time a week in summer, in winter one time a week.

Culturel practices

Weed controll

Weed control through manually, chamically, machanically

Training and Pruning

Pruning gives the vines proper shape and a size which facilitates insect and disease control.

Method of training , pruning given bellow

  1. 1.Head System(main  stem is trained straight upward) this system is doing seccessfully in pakistan.
  2. Cane System(4-6 fruit trunks are raised)
  3. Cordon System (main trunk is 2.5 – 3.5 m long and trained horizontally)

 

Varities in pakistan

Important varities of grapes are given below.

  • Thompson (Seedless)
  • Perlette (Seedless)
  • Red Globe (Seeded)
  • Cardinal (Seeded)
  • Kings ruby (Seedless)
  • Narc black (Seeded)
  • Crimson (Seedless)
  • Flame (Seedless)
  • Sultana (Seedless)
  • Muscatil (Seeded)

These 10 varities of grapes can grow mostly all pakistan region except balochistan.

A number of varieties of grapes are grown Balochistan given bellow

The most famous are, Haita,Kishmishi. Shundokhani, Sahibi and Shekhali are commonly grown popular commercial varieties in Quetta, Pishin,Killa Abdullah, Mastung, Kalat, Loralai and Zhob districts.

Potohar region

In Potohar region was one of the selected regions where scientists recommended varieties like ‘flame seedless’, King’s Ruby’, Perlett and NARC black.

Insects Pest And Diseases:

The grape leaf hopper: It is the common insect pest feed on the vines from the time leaves apear in the spring until they drop in the fall. Spray of pesticide

Powdery mildew is a fungul disease prevalent on grapes. Any portion of plant such as leaves, blossom, fruit and young shoots may be affected. White patches appearance may be noted on leaves young shoots; blossom fail to set fruit. Control fungicid spray as metalyxal and mencozeb 100gm in 50 liter water

Root knot caused by a gall-forming nematode may become a problem in sandy and sandy loam soil, resulting in adecline in vine vigor and reduction in yields To control it use resistant rootstocks and fumigate the soil.

 

  Analysis Of Grapes Orchard Per Acre input

Sr noAtom nameCost of atomTotal Atom  Total input
1No of plants50 Rs per plant400×5020000
2No of road300 per150×40056000
3Iron cable180 per kg80 Kg ×18014400
4Laboring220000×240000
5watring5000Rs5000Rs5000Rs
6spraying2500Rs2500Rs2500Rs
7fertilizer4000Rs4000Rs4000Rs
8total106300

Analysis Of Grapes Orchard Per Acre out put

Mature grapes prodectionTotal grapes plantTotal weight in kgCost per kg  Total
15to20kg per plant400×20

400×15

8000

6000

8000×100

6000×100

800000max

600000mni

 

 

For Order Please contact at

info@agribusiness.com.pk

This article was posted in www.agribusiness.com.pk

 

 

Furhter reading
Drip irrgation system in Pakistan

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